phobic disorder

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phobic disorder

see phobia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

phobic disorder

Psychiatry A condition that causes extreme and irrational anxiety in particular situations, objects or activities. See Phobia.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Patient discussion about phobic disorder

Q. what is phobia? well when you have scary to someone or something

A. A phobia is fear from something- an object, a person or a situation, that makes the person feel scared to face that certain situation, and even try and avoid it- for example- some people are scared of closed places ("agoraphobia")- they cannot sit at the cinema or at an elevator because of the fear of not being able to escape if needed. Some people have a social phobia and they cannot face a crowd, or perform in front of a crowd (some can't even speak out loud in front of other people).

Q. how to treat my social phobia?

A. there is a protocol for treating any kinds of phobias. it requires time and a psychologist. it's consisted of learning relaxation methods and doing everything in small steps until you can handle your phobia.

Q. i feel huge tension when i am in close narrow environment , is it a phobia?

A. Yes, it may be considered a phobia, or more specifically situational type phobia. However, the important thing is whether is this fear reasonable? Do you think it's out of proportion? Phobia is a fear that one perceive as irrational and out of proportion and yet one feels and is affected adversely by it. If this fear is appropriate (e.g. fear of falling in mountain climbing) it's not a phobia.

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References in periodicals archive ?
When the only alternative was using an elevator, he overcame his avoidance and fear, which are consistent with phobic disorders. He was able to get on the elevator with other people by sheer force of will--but in terror.
Alcohol-dependent patients with comorbid phobic disorders: A comparison between comorbid patients, pure alcohol-dependent and pure phobic patients.
Specificity in familial aggregation of phobic disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1995;52:564-73.
The most prevalent anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety, panic disorder (with/without agoraphobia), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), phobic disorders, and separation antety.
Hypnotherapy can be used extensively for a wide range of conditions in the field of psychiatry: it is valuable for the treatment of anxiety disorders, sleep disturbances, eating disorders, depression, psychosexual disorders, addictions, and particularly, in the treatment of phobic disorders (Waxman, 1980).
In the clinical psychology field, virtual reality is a safe, inexpensive, accepted, and probably soon a widespread tool used in exposure treatments of phobic disorders. However, more randomized clinical trials, in which VRET could be compared to standard exposure, with more objective measures, are required.
Emphasizing use in clinical situations, Parnell, a clinical psychologist, consultant, and EMDR trainer, discusses successful use of eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing techniques for treating trauma and phobic disorders. Writing for EMDR-trained therapists and not beginners, she focuses on case formulation, ego strengthening, target development, and the ability to work with processing difficulties.
Pharmacological treatment of phobic disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 47, 445-452.
Miller's study of patients claiming psychological injuries revealed frequent clinical findings of anxiety-depressive or hysterical symptoms and, less frequently, phobic disorders. These symptoms also are frequently encountered today by American lawyers defending against a PTSD claim.
Needle phobia; phobic disorders; needles; vasovagal reflex; syncope; vasovagal syncope; iontophoresis.
And while TCAs are no longer widely prescribed for depression because SSRIs are so much safer, they are increasingly used in lower doses for chronic pain syndromes, peripheral neuropathy, migraine prophylaxis, panic and phobic disorders, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.