McLaughlin et al., "Comparison of descending phlebography
with quantitative photoplethysmography, air plethysmography, and duplex quantitative valve closure time in assessing deep venous reflux," Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol.
In 72 cases, the diagnosis of DVT was confirmed with phlebography
. Each of the four clinical signs and symptoms was equally present in the affected and non-affected extremities.
Although the excretory urogram may demonstrate external compression of the renal pelvis or proximal ureter by the varix, phlebography
with or without epinephrine is the historic diagnostic modality of choice.
Intramedullary pressure and intraosseus phlebography
Intra medullary pressure and intra osseous phlebography
A thorough search for emboli may include a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan, echocardiography, a duplex Doppler scan, phlebography
and angiography; recently angioscopy has been suggested.
In most of the papers reporting on CVS after fistula creation on the ipsilateral arm of the pacemaker, the authors suggest that phlebography
should systematically be performed before the fistula is created, in order to diagnose pre-existing CVS (8).
It cannot be excluded that investigation by ultrasound or phlebography
in our patients with catheter dysfunction could have revealed subclinical venous thromboses.
(17) Correlative studies using ultrasound and phlebography
showed combined diagnostic accuracies above 80% in detecting DVT in the upper extremities.
Assesment of lumbar spinal canal stenosis by magnetic resonance phlebography
Diagnosis of thrombosis by catheter phlebography
after prolonged central venous catheterization.
, intraosseous pressure measurements and 99mTC-polyphosphate scintigraphy in patients with various painful conditions in the hip and knee.