moniliformis, subglutinans, fujikuroi and intermedia basing on mating population, ascospores, perithecia size, phialide
type and microconidial formations.
Classification of the endophytes into taxons was based on phialide
and conidia morphology, and growth in culture.
The spore, which was sitting so patiently and clean on the tip of a phialide
in the middle of a pore, now sticks to a soil particle.
Morphological Key Morphological Observation Species Character Colony growth rate (cm) 7-8 cm Colony colour Dark yellowish green Reverse colony colour Colourless Colony edge Smooth Culture smell No characteristic odour Mycelial form Smooth Mycelial colour Cottony white Cultural characteristic Cultural Character Species Character Conidiation Ring like zones Conidiophore branching Branched, regular Phialide
shape Cyllindrical Phialide
Variation in Metarhizium a genus of fungal pathogen attacking Orthoptera: is phialide
morphology a useful criterion J.
possessed a swollen basal and a distinct neck.
Morphological and cultural characteristics of Trichoderma reesei Morphological characteristic Cultural characteristic Features Species Features Species characters characters Colony growth 5-6cm rate (cm) Colony colour Pale green Conidiophore Highly yellow branching branched Reverse colony Light lemon Phialide
shape Legeniform colour yellow Colony edge Smooth reguler Phialide
Morphological characterizations including mycelial color, colony texture and shape) and microscopic observations (conidia shape, conidia color, conidiophore--branching, phialide
width and phialide
length were determined according to Sharma and Singh 2014, Singh A, et al 2014.
7 FGCC/BLS 10 Chains of single-celled conidia are produced in basipetal succession from a specialisedconidiogenous cell called a phialide
produced singly in groups orfrom branched metulae, giving a brush-like appearance (a Penicillus) 8 FGCC/BLS 11 Macro conidia are hyaline, two- to several-celled, fusiform- to sickle-shaped, mostly with an elongated apical cell and pedicellate basal cell.
The isolates in this study presented phialides
shorter than 20 [micro]m.
Microscopic morphology of the colony showed conidiophores with single phialides
covering approximately the entire vesicle which was compatible with that of Aspergillusflavus.
Furthermore, Pitt (1979) also mentioned, for Penicillium species branched or simple conidiophores, phialides
, metulae and conidia are observed.