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the study of phenomena in their own right rather than inferring causes; in psychiatry, the theory that behavior is determined by the way the person perceives reality rather than by objective external reality.


1. The systematic description and classification of phenomena without attempt at explanation or interpretation.
See also: existential psychology.
2. The study of human experiences, irrespective of objective-subjective distinctions.
See also: existential psychology.
[phenomenon, + G. logos, study]


(fĕ-nŏm″ĕ-nŏl′ō-jē) [Gr. phainomenon, appearing, + logos, word, reason]
1. The study and classification of phenomena.
2. The science of the subjective processes by which phenomena are presented, with emphasis on mental processes and essential elements of experiences. A phenomenological study emphasizes a person's descriptions of and feelings about experienced events.

phenomenology (f·näˑ·m·näˑ·l·jē),

n a philosophical approach and method of qualitative research in which the essence of an experience is sought. The researcher identifies prior assumptions and beliefs and temporarily brackets them away from the experience being researched, so that it may be understood on its own terms.
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References in periodicals archive ?
But it is only the phenomenologist who recognizes that this unveiling is a facet of truth, and the most primordial facet at that.
Overgaard cautions phenomenologists against over-extending themselves in regard to their rejections of inferentialist accounts of social cognition (468); he nonetheless makes some important points regarding why we should call something perceptual rather than inferential.
According to these authors, just because the French phenomenologist ignores these more concrete structural invariants of bodily experience, his approach does not enjoy a popularity among those who (like Foucault) are dealing with the problematic of disciplinary techniques and bio-power.
12) Kenneth Schmitz's chapter on The Acting Person sticks more closely to the text, but is distracted by the attempt to establish Wojtyla's place within the Thomistic tradition, an exercise that entails proving that Wojtyla is less of a phenomenologist than The Acting Person makes him out to be.
As a result, he interprets "semiosis" or sign actions by way of an experiencing body-subject in a similar way to later phenomenologists (for example, Merleau-Ponty, 1945/1962).
He bashes solipsistic phenomenologists and criticizes structuralists for domesticating human subjects to the tyranny of a system (p.
Such a contention requires evidence, especially in light of Johnson's lack of extraliterary citation of Berkeley, and his oft-avowed debt to the phenomenologists, especially his acknowledgments of the writings of Husserl and Heidegger.
Phenomenologists, however, would more than likely question the ultimate usefulness of such an approach, maintaining that few street-level adherents of these religions would be familiar with the idea of polarities, and that fewer still would feel the need to analyze and resolve them.
This would lend credence to recent arguments of phenomenologists that understanding and meaning don't originate in language but are experienced first as bodily states.
Hildebrand's basic contribution to phenomenological axiology can be summarized as follows: the concept of value is, in one sense, narrower than most phenomenologists have suggested; but, in another sense, it is broader than any phenomenologist has believed necessary to defend.
The contributors are phenomenologists and professors of philosophy from The USA, France and Germany.
The infamous political affiliations of some phenomenologists have only strengthened such a negative image of phenomenology.