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Related to phenomenological: Phenomenological method, phenomenological research


the study of phenomena in their own right rather than inferring causes; in psychiatry, the theory that behavior is determined by the way the person perceives reality rather than by objective external reality.


1. The systematic description and classification of phenomena without attempt at explanation or interpretation.
See also: existential psychology.
2. The study of human experiences, irrespective of objective-subjective distinctions.
See also: existential psychology.
[phenomenon, + G. logos, study]


(fĕ-nŏm″ĕ-nŏl′ō-jē) [Gr. phainomenon, appearing, + logos, word, reason]
1. The study and classification of phenomena.
2. The science of the subjective processes by which phenomena are presented, with emphasis on mental processes and essential elements of experiences. A phenomenological study emphasizes a person's descriptions of and feelings about experienced events.

phenomenology (f·näˑ·m·näˑ·l·jē),

n a philosophical approach and method of qualitative research in which the essence of an experience is sought. The researcher identifies prior assumptions and beliefs and temporarily brackets them away from the experience being researched, so that it may be understood on its own terms.
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She talked about the objections against phenomenology playing a transformative role and then carried this discussion further by demonstrating how the practice of phenomenological method can itself help develop skills relevant to social / cultural change.
After a discussion of the historical sense of hope found in Kant and Hegel, Hoy identifies Heidegger as the first to provide a 'genuine phenomenological account of the future' (147).
Of course, Wojtyla has his sources--most important, the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition and the phenomenological ethics of Max Scheler.
While not naming it so, Korzybski gives voice to the phenomenological nature of our existence--our abilities to bodily "take in" the world through the multi-dimensional perceptual process (Merleau-Ponty, 1945/1962).
Comparison of phase transformation temperatures from various methods showed that application of suitable phenomenological models provides very good agreement with results of physical measuring.
It was a phenomenological approach that has never been used to the authors' knowledge in previous investigations done in Turkey on this subject.
Also taking up a phenomenological address to generate an awareness of duration was James Turrell's The Wait, 1989--a pitch-black theater in which one's eyes are supposed to adjust over the course of some ten minutes, at which time a barely perceptible red field appears within the darkness.
In this context, the modeling of the paper drying process is very important, and is normally done by phenomenological approaches.
Also, with respect to phenomenological studies, sample size recommendations range from 6 (Morse, 1994) to 10 (Creswell, 1998).
For radicals in the phenomenological civil war, this robustly theological lyricism constitutes a laudable enrichment of a philosophical tradition; for minimalists, it marks the abandonment of a rigorous, secular method for unverifiable effusions of piety.
Authors have approached career development from varied theoretical viewpoints--ecological, chaos theory, cross-cultural--and from the client's phenomenological viewpoint.