To relate the BRW snowmelt record to sea ice (see also sidebar "Regional changes in vegetation phenology
and sea ice dynamics"), a mean date was calculated for each year, 1979-2016, when surface melt on the sea ice was first detected in passive microwave satellite observations (Markus et al.
Non-linear models have been used to describe the phenology
of nectarines, hot peppers, tomatoes, pears and oranges.
Through the Season Spotter project, the public is actively involved in the analysis of photographs to identify seasonal changes in forest phenology
describes the study of the timing of recurring plant life cycles and their connection to climate .
For the calculation of the progress of the phenology
in SimulArroz, the development stage of the crop (DVS) was daily calculated as:
The wood warblers are often treated together because they are insectivorous, glean insects on foliage or other tree surfaces and have similar migration phenology
aurora have been described previously (Storm 1960; Licht 1969), little is known about its calling behavior or breeding phenology
data are essential to illuminate these ecological relationships.
Considering a given species or genus, however, individual palms tend to flower only during a specific climatic season, with phenology
being related primarily to pollinator abundance.
All common species of grasshoppers at the site were egg overwintering species that hatched in early summer, although phenology
differed between species (Pfadt 2002).
monitoring and herbarium specimens (pressed plants) are two sources of historical flowering and fruiting phenology
data that record the timing of flowering or fruiting at a specific location in a specific year (Fig.
Nevertheless, few studies are available on the influence of weather on the phenology
of wintering bird and their duration of stay in southern Europe (Sanz 2002, Birtsas et al.