Ideally, both light traps and pheromone-baited traps should be emptied daily or at short intervals to reduce the risk of trap saturation and gain information related to flight phenology
and immigration events (nightly captures are characterized by high numerical abundance, predominantly females) [3, 9, 11, 12].
In India, based upon the phenology
of this pest the optimum time to apply the insecticides on mango trees at a peak of population and 13 days later effectively controlled D.
Frankie, "Tropical forest phenology
and pollinator plant coevolution," in Coevolution of Animals and Plants, L.
Due to failure in meeting assumptions of parametric testing, relationships between flowering phenology
, other reproductive allocations to include seeds matured, and weevil infestation were explored using Spearman Rank Correlation (Zar, 1984).
The word phenology
(pronounced "fi-NOL-uh-jee" and derived from Greek words phaino, meaning to show, and logia, meaning science) may not be familiar, but most of us already use the concept.
To better understand the phenology
of this characteristic species of the Mesoamerican tropical dry forest and to test the previous hypotheses, I analyzed the variation in phenological patterns of seven populations of H.
Organizations such as Ohio State University's Phenology
Garden Network (Phenology
.OSU.edu) are blazing a trail in this fascinating area of research; their project studies phenological associations in 31 research gardens across the state of Ohio.
Two experiments were conducted hereafter referred to as the "phenology
experiment" and the "cultivar experiment." Plants for the phenology
experiment were grown from seeds of a susceptible cultivar (SP 7868) in the greenhouse on the campus of Louisiana State University (Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA) in plastic pots (6.06 L) with a soil mixture (2 parts autoclaved river silt + 1 part peat + 1 part sand).
Their topics are mangrove and its history, distribution and diversity, ecology and succession, adaptation and phenology
, classification and identification, climate change response and the management of mangroves, and management and conservation.
Panel was cultivated under saline, as well as, normal conditions and traits related to morphology, phenology
, and grain yield were scored.
studies have been conducted at multiple spatial scales and many have focused on the impacts of warming spring temperatures (Crick, 2004); for example, Dunn and Winkler (1999) demonstrated Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) advanced their first egg dates by 9 d in North America from 1959-1991 in relation to spring temperature, and Socolar et al (2017) demonstrated a 5-12 d temperature-related advancement in the breeding activities of Californian bird communities during the past century.