phenobarbital


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phenobarbital

 [fe″no-bahr´bĭ-tal]
a long-acting barbiturate used as the base or the sodium salt as an anticonvulsant, sedative, and hypnotic.

phe·no·bar·bi·tal

(fē'nō-bar'bi-tahl),
A long-acting oral or parenteral sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypnotic; also available as a soluble sodium salt; also used in therapeutic management of epilepsy and induction of hepatic microsomal enzymes.

phenobarbital

/phe·no·bar·bi·tal/ (fe″no-bahr´bĭ-tal) a long-acting barbiturate, used as the base or sodium salt as a sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant.

phenobarbital

(fē′nō-bär′bĭ-tôl′, -tăl′)
n.
A long-acting barbiturate, C12H12N2O3, used medicinally as a sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant, sometimes in the form of its sodium salt.

phenobarbital

[fē′nəbär′bital]
a barbiturate anticonvulsant and sedative-hypnotic. Also called sodium phenobarbital.
indications It is prescribed in the treatment of seizure disorders and as a long-acting sedative.
contraindications Porphyria, severe pain, respiratory problems, or known hypersensitivity to this drug or other barbiturates prohibits its use.
adverse effects Among the most serious adverse reactions are ataxia, porphyria, paradoxic excitement, drowsiness, occasional rashes, and, rarely, blood dyscrasias. It is involved in many drug interactions.

phenobarbital

Neurology A long-acting barbiturate used as a hypnotic, sedative, hepatic enzyme inducer, anticonvulsant, given as a monotherapy for partial seizures, 2º generalized seizures; also used to treat diarrhea and to ↑ the antitumor effect of other therapies. See Seizures, Therapeutic drug.

phe·no·bar·bi·tal

(Pb, PB) (fē'nō-bahr'bi-tahl)
A long-acting oral or parenteral sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypnotic.
Synonym(s): phenylethylbarbituric acid, phenylethylmalonylurea.

phe·no·bar·bi·tal

(fē'nō-bahr'bi-tahl)
A long-acting oral or parenteral sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypnotic.

phenobarbital, phenobarbitone

a hypnotic, anticonvulsant and sedative.

Patient discussion about phenobarbital

Q. What are the Brands of Sodium-phenobarbitone drug in Bangladesh?

A. maybe this link will help-
http://www.medindia.net/doctors/drug_information/phenobarbitone.htm

if not- i recommend asking an Indian pharmacist..

More discussions about phenobarbital
References in periodicals archive ?
In the history of a seven-month-old female patient who was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with a prediagnosis of phenobarbital intoxication, it was learned that she was recently followed up in the pediatric neurology ward because of seizures and her seizures were controlled with carbamazepine and phenobarbital.
In our study, use of phenobarbital was not associated with development of normal EEG compared with the control group.
Thus, the phenobarbital level is usually checked in primidone toxicity.
Holstein A, Plaschke A, Lohse P, Egberts EH: Successful photo- and phenobarbital the rapy during pregnancy in a woman with Crigler-Najjar syndrome type II.
In our patient, it consisted of using another antiepileptic drug instead of Phenobarbital.
Of the 21 patients in the placebo group who had seizures, 6 continued to have seizures despite administration of phenytoin and clonazepam and were subsequently treated with phenobarbital after the code was broken.
During initial treatment, one might use a chlordiazepoxide or phenobarbital taper and use lorazepam for breakthrough anxiety and/or panic until symptoms are stable.
Since Phenobarbital diffuses to all parts of the central nervous system.
Phenobarbital is prescribed to control seizures in dogs and other animals.
All anti-epileptic drugs used in monotherapy were associated with a significantly increased risk of fracture except for valproic acid, phenobarbital and "other anti-epileptic drugs.
Avoidance of phenytoin and phenobarbital throughout pregnancy might also be considered.
His medical history also included epilepsy, for which he was taking phenytoin and phenobarbital, and prostate cancer.