EPA 2013); dibenzofuran, phenanthrene
, and pyrene are classified as group D "not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity" (U.
These alkaloids include two tetrahydroprotoberberines, two protoberberines, six aporphines (including 81 and 82), one morphinandienone, five oxoaporphines, seven phenanthrenes
, one spirobenzyl-isoquinoline N-oxide (101), nine aporphine N-oxides (24, 27, 87, 88), (22 and 23 epimers), (89-83), seven benzyltetrahydro-isoquinoline N-oxides (37, 39, 94-98), one benzyl-isoquinoline N-oxide (99), one protopine N-oxide (102), three tetrahydro-protoberberine N-oxides (103-105), three pavine N-oxides (7, 11, 100), and four phenanthrene
N-oxides (83-86) (Wu et al.
Furthermore, by scanning electron microscopy, abundant coccolithophores have been found in the Biluo Co oil shale, which indicates the contribution of the abundant phenanthrene
With the same bacteria Yao's group used, willow shrubs and grass chewed up phenanthrene
in contaminated soil, Doty's team reports in the Oct.
It has been reported that some ECM species were able to degrade phenanthrene
and fluoranthrene (Gramss et al.
Fluorescence quenching of phenanthrene
(Ph) and anthracene (An) by maleic anhydride (MAH) and n-octadecenylsuccinic anhydride (ODSA) both in polypropylene (PP) matrix and in chloroform solution were already studied (6).
Application of APG and Calfax 16L-35 on surfactant-enhanced electrokinetic removal of phenanthrene
Levels of phenanthrene
, pyrene and acenaphthene are relatively low.
ND 1 ND 1 Pyrene ND 1 ND 1 OTHER PARAMETERS 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodi- benzo-furan 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodi- benzo-p-dioxin 100% Sediment 75% Sediment 0% Compost 25% Compost Detection Detection ANALYTE Result Limits Result Limits Mercury 1.
Four cases of recurrent pseudo-scarlet fever caused by phenanthrene
alkaloids with a 6-hydroxy group (codeine and morphine).
Stephen Hecht and colleagues at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis asked 12 volunteers with a history of smoking to smoke a cigarette laced with phenanthrene
, a type of PAH that binds with DNA but is non-carcinogenic.
Effects of glucosinolate-rich broccoli sprouts on urinary levels of aflatoxin-DNA adducts and phenanthrene
tetraols in a randomized clinical trial in He Zuo township, Qidong, People's Republic of China.