One such adaptive process is phase variation
- a random, frequent and reversible ON/OFF switching of contingency genes generating phenotypical variations within the bacterial population.
This minimal phase change is essential because amplitude and phase variation
following VNA calibration can cause inaccurate S-parameter measurements.
The FCN amplitude and phase variation
of the three FCN models are similar.
iii) Phase variation
among bacterial strains may result in colony semblance making it difficult to identify the microbe (Fig 2)
However, both methods yields approximated result, fail under large mean, and phase variation
1Error], calculated each business cycle in the phase 1, corrected phase variation
has been associated with variation in other B.
The necessity of the phase variation
term is due to the cylindrical waves which are crossing through the flaring part.
Moreover, keeping the phase variation
low with frequency preserves the linearity of the phase shifting elements over a large bandwidth.
One such application is a metamaterial based Fabry-Perot cavity which is composed of perfectly electrically conducting (PEC) ground and PRS to control the phase variation
was used to realize a compact and steerable antenna with an improvement of gain about 1.
In the experiments, both groups used continuous-wave lasers, with a wavelength of 532 nanometers for Zhang's group and 633 nanometers for the French group, shining them through spatial tight modulators with phase variation
calculated using special computer programs.
The unit cell having two holes achieves phase of 250[degrees], unit cell with three holes achieves 300[degrees], and finally the unit cell having four holes achieves 360[degrees] reflection coefficient phase variation