Overall, the phase shifts
at Mach 18-20 become smaller than Mach 16, and the variation trend is almost opposite to that of Mach 10-14 situations.
In addition to constant phase shift
, the other important parameters to achieve include low insertion loss, low amplitude and phase ripple, and compact size.
o1] [approximately equal to] 1 - 2, differential phase shifts
from both resonances [DELTA][[phi].
Coral reefs can undergo fast changes in their dominant life forms, a phenomenon referred to as phase shift
Figure 4 shows the measured phase shifts
of the individual measurements as a function of particle number area density.
For large phase shifts
, a broadband switched line/reflected bit topology is used (Figure 2).
The second and third parts represent phase shifts
of the carrier signal in radians as follows: MODULATOR represents a phase shift
of the outgoing signal from a modulator and DEMODULATOR represents a phase shift
of the signal after passing through a model of the optical transmission path.
13] and  we know that the dynamical part stemming from the phase shifter PS2 is given by a weighted sum of the phase shifts
The maximum and minimum frequencies resulting from the phase shifts
are then measured and recorded.
To obtain larger phase shifts
, several resonators can be concatenated into a multistage resonant phase shifter.
This network consists of lowpass and highpass elements in T and [Pi] configurations to realize +45 [degrees] and -45 [degrees] phase shifts
In order to improve the secured data communication an efficient Quantum Phase Shift
Energy Conserved Data Security (QPSEC-DS) technique is introduced.