Key words: esophagostomy tube, pharyngostomy, ingluviostomy, nutrition, intensive care, avian, raptors
One technique described as a pharyngostomy tube placement refers to a technique initially described by Bennett.
Hyper alimentation intravenously and through pharyngostomy tube was employed postoperatively in 6 animals each.
Following aseptic precautions, pharyngostomy was performed on the left side of the neck (4) in 6 dogs (group B).
In animals of group B, liquid food of same combination was fed through pharyngostomy tube from the next da y after surgery for 15 days postoperatively.
Presence of foreign material in the form of pharyngostomy tube had not adversely influenced the healing process.
Because of the neck length and body size of the condors and insufficient length of standard catheters, the typical pharyngostomy
or esophagostomy feeding-tube placement would not have allowed the end of the catheter to consistently reach the proventriculus.