, neck and jaw discomfort after anesthesia with facemask and LMA at high and low cuff volumes in males and females.
Patients were excluded if they had pre-existing pharyngolaryngeal
symptoms, a recent history of an upper respiratory tract infection, contraindications to the use of a laryngeal mask airway device (e.g.
Based on an incidence of pharyngolaryngeal
complication rate of 42% with high intracuff pressure, with a power of 90% and an alpha error of 0.05, for the use of the manometer to reduce the incidence of pharyngolaryngeal
complication to 15%, a total sample size of 88 patients were required.
One of the anatomical changes pregnancy causes is pharyngolaryngeal
tightening which is worsened by obesity.
Reyt, "The pectoralis myofascial flap in pharyngolaryngeal
surgery after radiotherapy," European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, vol.
showed that LMA Supreme cuff pressure of 80 cm[H.sub.2]O was not associated with a greater incidence of postoperative pharyngolaryngeal
adverse events, compared with 40 or 60cm[H.sub.2]O .
Valve functions were defined according to the observation of their oral and pharyngolaryngeal
apertures (i.e., valves) that play a functional role in deglutition.
There were no vesicles or erosion on the pharyngolaryngeal
The incidence of pharyngolaryngeal
adverse events after general anaesthesia with laryngeal mask airways can be as high as 45%1.
General anesthesia increases the risk of aspiration, failed intubation due to pharyngolaryngeal
edema, and stroke secondary to the increase in systemic and intracerebral pressures during intubation and extubation.
General anaesthesia increases the risk of hypertension during induction and emergence, loss of airway due to pharyngolaryngeal
oedema, aspiration and transient neonatal depression.
Total laryngectomy is routinely practiced in cases of advanced pharyngolaryngeal
cancer, when partial surgery or an organ preservation protocol (radiochemotherapy) is impossible or likely to fail.