LPR has been given various names in literature such as supraesophageal reflux, extraesophageal reflux, reflux laryngitis, laryngeal reflux, gastropharyngeal reflux, and pharyngoesophageal
and atypical reflux.
(142 patients), pectoralis major flap, free jejunal flap, augmented colon bypass, gastric pull up and gastric tube were compared for pharyngoesophageal
reconstruction and early postoperative mortality rate was 10.6% (14).
A Two-stage method for pharyngoesophageal
reconstruction with a primary pectoral skin flap.
Bi-directional cervicography is used in the radiological examination of oesophageal foreign bodies, especially because the great majority of foreign bodies are attached to the pharyngoesophageal
foreign bodies (FBs) are common otolaryngologic problems, but challenging cases cause significant patient and surgeon frustration.
The upper esophageal sphincter (UES) located at the pharyngoesophageal
junction functions as a protective barrier between the trachea and esophagus.
Al-Sihan, "Perforating and migrating pharyngoesophageal
foreign bodies: A series of 5 patients," Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, vol.
Furthermore, dysphagia can be the result of pharyngoesophageal
involvement and compression .
When the OALL is extraordinarily large, it can compress the pharyngoesophageal
and laryngotracheal segments, resulting in several symptoms, including dysphagia, dyspnea, and hoarseness.
Management of pharyngoesophageal
stenosis (PES) in patients after head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment remains a challenge .
In animals that had swelling between pharyngoesophageal
junction and thoracic inlet (cervical region), a hard mass was palpable.