pharyngeal tonsil


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Related to pharyngeal tonsil: adenoid, lingual tonsil, Tubal tonsil, paraepiglottic tonsil

ad·e·noid

(ad'ĕ-noyd), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation adnoid.
1. Glandlike; of glandular appearance. Synonym(s): adeniform
2. Epithelial and lymphatic unencapsulated structure located on the posterior wall of the nasopharynx. It undergoes absolute and relative enlargement during childhood and regresses during puberty. Inflammatory and physiologic enlargement is associated with otitis media, nasal obstruction, sinusitis, and obstructive sleep apnea.
[adeno- + G. eidos, appearance]

pha·ryn·ge·al ton·sil

(făr-in'jē-ăl ton'sil)
A collection of more or less closely aggregated lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the nasopharynx; when hypertrophic, these are called adenoids.

Luschka,

Hubert, German anatomist, 1820-1875.
foramen of Luschka - one of the two lateral openings of the fourth ventricle into the subarachnoid space at the cerebellopontine angle. Synonym(s): lateral aperture of the fourth ventricle
Luschka bursa - a cystic notochordal remnant found inconstantly in the posterior wall of the nasopharynx at the lower end of the pharyngeal tonsil. Synonym(s): pharyngeal bursa
Luschka cartilage - a small cartilaginous nodule sometimes found in the anterior portion of the vocal cord.
Luschka crypt
Luschka cystic glands - small mucous tubuloalveolar glands in the mucosa of the larger bile ducts, especially in the neck of the gallbladder. Synonym(s): glands of biliary mucosa
Luschka ducts - glandlike tubular structures in the wall of the gallbladder, especially in the part covered with peritoneum.
Luschka ganglion
Luschka gland - Synonym(s): Luschka tonsil
Luschka joints - small synovial joints between adjacent lateral lips of the bodies of the lower cervical vertebrae. Synonym(s): uncovertebral joints
Luschka ligaments - fibrous bands that pass from the pericardium to the sternum. Synonym(s): sternopericardial ligament
Luschka muscles
Luschka nerve
Luschka sinus - venous sinus in the petrosquamous suture.
Luschka tonsil - a collection of more or less closely aggregated lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the nasopharynx. Synonym(s): Luschka gland; pharyngeal tonsil

pha·ryn·ge·al ton·sil

(făr-in'jē-ăl ton'sil)
A collection of more or less closely aggregated lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the nasopharynx.

Patient discussion about pharyngeal tonsil

Q. When should the tonsils and/or adenoids should be removed?

A. Currently the tonsillectomy is recommended in the presence of 6 episodes of throat infection (Group A strep pharyngitis) in one year or 3-4 episodes in each of 2years. Adenoidectomy may be recommended when tympanostomy tube surgery (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tympanostomy_tube) failed to prevent ear infection.

Another thing to consider is the presence of oral breathing - the constant use of the mouth for breathing in small children may lead to malformation of the facial bones that would necessitate more extensive surgeries later in life.

More discussions about pharyngeal tonsil
References in periodicals archive ?
From the exposed above, the research study objectified to analyze the association between mouth breathing and variables, such as complaint and (or) delay in the speech acquisition and alterations in utterance (distortions, omissions, substitutions and tongue interposition) in children diagnosed with hypertrophic palatine and/or pharyngeal tonsils, correlating them to the characteristics of dental occlusion and lingual frenulum.
Mouth breathing due to hypertrophic palatine and pharyngeal tonsils cause alterations, in varied degrees and impacts, on lip, mouth tone and posture, and in the mobility of the soft palate, impairing swallowing, speech and phonatory functions.
It can be assumed that the increase in allergic inflammation in the respiratory tract in children with no control of asthma (in the period of exacerbation of asthma) in the presence of initial anatomical features in the form of anomalies of intranasal structures and/or hypertrophic pharyngeal tonsil can provoke or strengthen symptoms from the middle ear and/or lead to the emergence of facial pain at characteristic points.
In the present study, the comparison of the asthma control level estimated using the ACQ-5 questionnaire, and the expression of nasal symptoms (TNSS test) and the synonasal quality of life (SNOT-20 test) in patients of the two groups with the absence and presence of NOD, including anomalies of intranasal structures, hypertrophy of the pharyngeal tonsil, or a combination of these pathological conditions, were assessed.