phalanx


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pha·lanx

, gen.

pha·lan·gis

, pl.

pha·lan·ges

(fā'langks, fă-langks'; fă-lan'jis; -jēz), Avoid the misspelling phalynx. The singular form is phalanx, not phalange.
1. One of the long bones of the digits, 14 in number for each hand or foot, including two for the thumb or great toe, and three each for the other four digits; designated as proximal, middle, and distal, beginning from the metacarpus.
2. One of a number of cuticular plates, arranged in several rows, on the surface of the spiral organ (of Corti), which are the heads of the outer row of pillar cells and of phalangeal cells; between them are the free ends of the hair cells.
[L. fr. G. phalanx (-ang-), line of soldiers, bone between two joints of the fingers and toes]

phalanx

/pha·lanx/ (fa´langks) pl. phalan´ges   [Gr.]
1. any bone of a finger or toe.
2. any one of a set of plates that are disposed in rows and make up the reticular membrane of the organ of Corti.phalan´geal

phalanx

(fā′lăngks′, făl′ăngks′)
n. pl. phalanxes or phalanges (fə-lăn′jēz, fā-)
1. A compact or close-knit body of people: "formed a solid phalanx in defense of the Constitution and Protestant religion" (G.M. Trevelyan).
2. A formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears, developed by Philip II of Macedon and used by Alexander the Great.
3. pl. phalanges Anatomy A bone of a finger or toe. Also called phalange.
4. See phalanstery.

phalanx (phal)

[fā′langks] pl. phalanges [phal ]
Etymology: Gk, line of soldiers
any of the 14 tapering bones composing the fingers of each hand and the toes of each foot. They are arranged in three rows at the distal end of the metacarpus and the metatarsus. The fingers each have three phalanges (proximal, middle, and distal); the thumb has two. Toes 2 through 5 each have three phalanges; the great toe has two (proximal and distal). The phalanges of the foot are smaller and less flexible than those of the hand.
enlarge picture
Phalanges of the foot

pha·lanx

, pl. phalanges (fā'langks, fă-lan'jēz) [TA]
1. One of the long bones of the digits, 14 in number for each hand or foot, two for the thumb or great toe, and three each for the other four digits; designated as proximal, middle, and distal, beginning from the metacarpus.
2. One of a number of cuticular plates, arranged in several rows, on the surface of the spiral organ (of Corti), which are the heads of the outer row of pillar cells and of phalangeal cells.
[L. fr. G. phalanx (-ang-), line of soldiers, bone between two joints of the fingers and toes]

phalanx

A finger or toe bone. Plural PHALANGES.

Phalanx

Any of the digital bones of the hand or foot. Humans have three phalanges to each finger and toe with the exception of the thumb and big toe which have only two each.

phalanx

pl. phalanges [Gr.] any of the principal bones of a digit. See also Table 10.

inherited reduced phalanx
a congenital absence of the first two phalanges on all limbs. The hoof and third phalanx are attached by skin. An inherited defect in cattle.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Phalanx was upgraded to address these concerns as well as threats from slow-moving aerial targets.
tarsometatarsal bone; 2, lateral trochlea; 3, medial trochlea; 4, metatarsophalangeal joint; 5, first phalanx of digit III; 6, second phalanx of digit III; 7, third phalanx of digit III; 8, fourth phalanx of digit 111; 9, first phalanx of digit IV; 10, second phalanx of digit IV; 11, third phalanx of digit IV; 12, fourth phalanx of digit IV; 13, fifth phalanx of digit IV.
After a short period of wound care and preparation, the distal and middle phalanges and the distal portion of the proximal phalanx were excised and the wound was closed.
Hattula Myllymaki phalanx 1 and II, prox fr 5 Hameenlinna Kalomaki 2 phalanx III, indet ?
An 18-year-old female attended our institution reporting a history of trivial accident in December 2009 following which she had pain and soft tissue swelling of middle phalanx of right ring finger.
Its all about creating awareness and visibility, said Matt Johnson, Phalanx Secure Solutions founder and CEO.
Khadem Biqam, meantime, said that the Iranian warships are already equipped with defense systems similar to Phalanx which should be upgraded.
In the present study, no significant correlation was found between stature and length and breadth of proximal phalanx of the second toe despite of development of predictive regression equation that predict stature from the length of the proximal phalanx of the second toe.
The issue of when the phalanx acquired depth, absent in the phalanx of Tyrtaeus (seventh century) and the sine qua non of a true phalanx, is not addressed.
Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) said it was awarded a multi-year bulk buy contract totaling over $USD200 million to provide Phalanx Close-in Weapon Systems upgrade kits, support equipment and hardware spares to the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force.
M2 EQUITYBITES-October 31, 2014-Raytheon gets USD205m Phalanx upgrade contract