The assay allows reading out for the percentage of phagocytosing
PBP and the percentage of PBP with burst reaction after phagocytosis.
Cultured human alveolar macrophages (AMs) produce tumor necrosis factor (TNF-[alpha] and proinflammatory cytokines such as granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-1 after phagocytosing
(111) Incubated in the presence of 10 [micro]g iodide/100 ml of incubation media, phagocytosing
leukocytes concentrated inorganic iodide 300-fold to achieve intracellular concentration of 0.003% inorganic iodide.
ATG5, ATG9a, and ATG12 were engaged, but not required, in macrophages phagocytosing
This microglial cell carries a specific apolipoprotein E- (APOE-) dependent molecular signature that depends on TREM2-induced APOE signaling pathway, which switches the microglia from a homeostatic to a neurodegenerative phenotype after phagocytosing
This may indicate that microglia were phagocytosing
As a major inflammatory cell population, macrophages respond to inflammatory events by phagocytosing
infected materials and producing cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-[alpha], as well as inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin [E.sub.2] (PG[E.sub.2]).
Under pathological conditions, especially nerve injury conditions, microglia undergo "microgliosis", a complex set of changes that allow the cell to respond rapidly and perform a broad range of functions such as shielding injury sites, phagocytosing
cellular debris, and releasing inflammatory signals to initiate and/or propagate the immune response.
The diagnostic hallmark of MAS is the presence of well-differentiated, activated macrophages actively phagocytosing
hematopoietic cells within the bone marrow.
The percentage of hemocyte phagocytosing
beads in the unchallenged groups was significantly higher than in hemocytes subjected to V.
Like the hemocytes of other molluscs, these cells participate in immune responses by phagocytosing
or encapsulating bacteria and other foreign particles (Cowden and Curtis, 1981; Ford, 1992; Beuerlein and Schipp, 1998; Malham and Runham, 1998; Nyholm and McFall-Ngai, 1998).
The NBT test (14) measures the percentage of actively phagocytosing
(positively stained) neutrophils in blood smears.