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Related to petit mal: grand mal
mal[mal] (Fr. and Sp.)
grand mal grand mal epilepsy.
mal de Meleda symmetrical keratosis of the palms and soles associated with a dry, scaly thickening of the wrists and ankles.
mal de mer seasickness.
petit mal petit mal epilepsy.
pe·tit mal sei·zure
obsolescent term for a cerebral seizure not manifested by tonic-clonic movements (that is, grand mal); formerly thought to be the clinical manifestation solely of a 3-second spike in wave pattern, as seen on electroencephalography, but now known to be associated with several different EEG patterns.
petit mal/pe·tit mal/ (pĕ-te´ mahl´) [Fr.] see under epilepsy.
petit malAbsence Neurology A spell characterized by lapse of attention and awareness, with loss of recall, without convulsions or loss consciousness. Cf Grand mal seizure; psychomotor epilepsy.
pe·tit mal(pĕ-tē' mahl)
Type of seizure; often associated with an instance of fixed gaze (i.e., staring), typically lasting only a few seconds.
[Fr. small illness]
petit malA minor form of EPILEPSY. Petit mal attacks are almost entirely confined to children and adolescents. There is a momentary unappreciated loss of awareness and social contact but the child does not fall and may even continue automatically with some activity, such as cycling. Attacks may be very frequent and may severely interfere with education. Petit mal can be controlled with anticonvulsant drugs.
a relatively mild seizure contrasting with grand mal, a major seizure. Occurs in humans where the patient loses consciousness only momentarily and there are few motor signs. True petit mal seizures would be difficult to detect, but probably do occur occasionally in animals. See also seizure.