pestis


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plague

(plāg),
1. Any disease of wide prevalence or of excessive mortality.
2. An acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis and marked clinically by high fever, toxemia, prostration, a petechial eruption, lymph node enlargement, pneumonia, or hemorrhage from the mucous membranes; primarily a disease of rodents, transmitted to humans by fleas that have bitten infected animals. In humans the disease takes one of four clinical forms: bubonic plague, septicemic plague, pneumonic plague, or ambulant plague Synonym(s): pest, pestilence (1) , pestis
[G. plege, a stroke, a wound; L. plaga, a stroke, injury]

pestis

pestis

(pes'tis) [L.] Plague.

pestis ambulans

Ambulatory plague.

pestis fulminans

The most severe form of plague.

pestis

see plague.
References in periodicals archive ?
Experimental evaluation of interaction between Yersinia pestis and soil infusoria and possibility of prolonged preservation of bacteria in the protozoan oocysts.
Patients with Y pestis may have bubonic plague, especially if they have come in contact with infected rodents or vectors.
pestis are common and widespread throughout the Echarate District.
pestis CO92 genomic DNA samples were diluted and tested in triplicate in the LightCycler with the corresponding TagMan MGB assay at the following final concentrations in 20 [micro]L of Master Mix: 2.
pestis because that's how the disease is usually transmitted today, says Carter.
Summary of specimens and testing for agents of bioterrorism ORGANISM SPECIMENS (VARIES WITH SYMPTOMS) Bacillus anthracis Blood, vesicular fluid, skin scrapings, sputum, rectal swab or feces Clostridium botulinum Feces, enema, gastric aspirate, (toxin) serum (3 ml minimum), tissue Brucella species Blood, bone marrow, liver, spleen, joint fluid, serum Francisella tularensis Blood, respiratory, tissues, serology Yersinia pestis Blood, lower respiratory, tissue; liver, spleen bone marrow, serum Burkholderia mallei Blood, respiratory, tissues, serum Burkholderia pseudomallei Blood, respiratory, tissues, serum, urine Staphylococcus aureus Nasal wash, induced sputum, urine, (enterotoxin B producer) feces, gastric aspirate, post-mortem tissue, serum, S.
Field investigations identified 4 Meriones rodent species as Y pestis reservoirs; 2 were resistant (M.
Plague is a disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis and primarily infects animals, but can spread to humans through bites from infected fleas or contact with infected animals.
Phenol-chloroform extraction of DNA from standard strains of Bacillus anthracis Vollum and Sterne, Yersinia pestis 0092, and Burkholderia mallei (ATCC 23344) was performed as described previously (13) in a biosafety level III laboratory certified to work with select agents (registration number 20011016-798; entity number 020031123-0125).
Discovered several decades ago in the plague bacterium, Yersinia pestis, the crucial gene encodes an enzyme that cleaves molecules known as phospholipids.
Plague spreads mainly from rats to humans by fleas biting first a sick rat and then a person, thus transmitting the bacillus, Yersinia pestis.