perseveration


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perseveration

 [per-sev″er-a´shun]
the inappropriate persistence or repetition of a thought or action after the causative stimulus has ceased or in response to different stimuli; for example, a patient answers a question correctly but incorrectly gives the same answer to succeeding questions. Perseveration is most often associated with brain lesions but is also seen in schizophrenia.

per·sev·er·a·tion

(per-sev'ĕr-ā'shŭn),
1. The constant repetition of a meaningless word or phrase.
2. The duration of a mental impression, measured by the rapidity with which one impression follows another as determined by the revolving of a two-colored disc.
3. In clinical psychology, the uncontrollable repetition of a previously appropriate or correct response, even though the repeated response has since become inappropriate or incorrect.
[L. persevero, to persist]

perseveration

(pər-sĕv′ə-rā′shən)
n.
1. Psychology
a. Uncontrollable repetition of a particular response, such as a word, phrase, or gesture, despite the absence or cessation of a stimulus, usually caused by brain injury or other organic disorder.
b. The tendency to continue or repeat an act or activity after the cessation of the original stimulus.
2. The act or an instance of persevering; perseverance.

perseveration

The repetition of a specific verbal or motor response to a particular stimulus, despite the stimulus’s cessation.

Aetiology
Organic brain disease, traumatic brain injury, schizophrenia.

perseveration

Neurology The repeating of the same verbal or motor response to varied stimuli Etiology Organic brain disease, schizophrenia

per·sev·er·a·tion

(pĕr-sĕv'ĕr-ā'shŭn)
1. The constant repetition of a meaningless word or phrase.
2. The duration of a mental impression, measured by the rapidity with which one impression follows another as determined by the revolving of a two-colored disc.
3. clinical psychology The uncontrollable repetition of a previously appropriate or correct response, even though the repeated response has since become inappropriate or incorrect.
[L. persevero, to persist]

perseveration

1. The involuntary continuation or repetition of an activity, action or verbal or other response.
2. The continuing, unchanged perception of a scene for a short time after the direction of gaze has changed. This form of perseveration usually indicates organic brain damage.

Patient discussion about perseveration

Q. If the lie is our truth & living the truth feels fake & unreal how do we persevere to the needed chang there's the real me, good & underdeveloped. there is the worldly me, challenged as all of us probably are. there is the addict me, afflicted half or more of my life, developed & strong. two out of three are tough odds to deal with...

A. the battle against your own self is harsh and there will be casualties. reality is based on your own definition of the world around you, but it also based on how the world defines you. this is your escape from the inner struggle- define yourself and your actions not by your own faulty judgment but by how the world and it's moral judge you.
good luck.

More discussions about perseveration
References in periodicals archive ?
As described in previous studies, when medicated, some of the children showed perseveration in reproducing the same sketch (Abraham et al., 2006; Solanto & Wender, 1989; Dyme et al., 1982).
Based on the forecasts of structural coefficients, we observed that subjects that achieved more concepts and had less errors on the perseveration component of the WCST had a higher degree of functional independence in self-care and socialization (Table 4, r = .565; r = .993).
Perseveration was remarkably frequent in the context of ALS-bvFTD,[sup][26] but it did not exist in our cohort mainly composed of nondemented patients.
Feather pecking in laying hens has been described as being stereotypic, ie, a repetitive invariant motor pattern without an obvious function, and indeed the amount of self-pecking in parrots was found to correlate positively with the amount of recurrent perseveration (RP), the tendency to repeat responses inappropriately, which in humans and other animals was found to correlate with stereotypic behavior.
On top of that, an untrained person may not even be able to recognize the symptoms, which can include talking about the same thing repeatedly (perseveration), being easily confused, getting lost when driving and forgetting personal information.
These six scales have been distinguished as follows: briskness (BR) and perseveration (PE), as dimensions referring to the temporal characteristics of behavior (TCB), and sensory sensitivity (SS), endurance (EN), emotional reactivity (ER) and activity (AC), as traits representing the energetic characteristics of behavior (ECB).
However, perseveration and over-switching are frequently reported in people suffering from schizophrenia (Yogev et al.
1105: "Small Business Capital Access and Job Perseveration Act" that aims to "loosen excessive and unnecessary" regulations when it comes to private enterprise and business seems to be indefinitely stalled.
And indeed, when I accept the reality that my brain is going to drift into distracting thoughts--that distraction and perseveration and fidgeting is an inevitable part of how my brain works--and when I accept this reality without judgment, and move on from it, I'm not just practicing mindfulness.
Does the person engage in poor judgment, perseveration about violent methods to resolve a personal issue, or exhibit negative coping skills?
This is in line with studies that reported increased response perseveration and a less adaptive response allocation to the changing reinforcement contingencies on a concurrent-reinforcement task both after acute delta-9 THC administration (Lane & Cherek 2002) and in heavy cannabis-smoking adolescents (Lane et al.
The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is involved in executive functioning (i.e., planning, organization, and attention) and its damage is responsible for perseveration, difficulty in shifting and screening out environmental distractions, impairments in constructional skills, and sequential motor tasks.