pernio


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Related to pernio: lupus pernio

chilblain

 [chil´blān]
one of the mildest forms of cold injury, characterized by recurrent localized itching, swelling, painful erythema, and sometimes blistering and ulceration upon exposure to cold and dampness; it occurs chiefly on the fingers, toes, ears, and face, but may involve other areas of the body. (This condition should not be confused with frostbite, another type of skin damage caused by exposure to cold.) The basic cause of chilblain is sensitivity to cold, sometimes due to circulatory disturbances that can be partially corrected by exercise and proper diet; severe cases require medical attention. Extreme heat or cold applications should not be applied directly to chilblains. Called also pernio.
A dermatopathy due to cold, damp climates, i.e., in the UK; presumed due to prolonged arteriolar constriction
At risk groups Infants, elderly, alcoholics
Management Proper clothing, smoking cessation, corticosteroids

pernio

See CHILBLAINS.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pueden coexistir varios acrosindromes vasculares, por lo que es comun encontrar el eritema pernio y livedo reticularis con acrocianosis, eritromelalgia o fenomeno de Raynaud.
Ozgun lezyonlar; makulopapuller, noduller, plaklar, subkutan noduller, infiltratif skarlarve lupus pernio olarak; ozgun olmayan lezyonlar eritema nodozum (EN), eritema multiforme, kalsifikasyon ve prurigo olarak gorulur (7).
Pernio, also known as chilblain, is a distinctive vasoactive reaction with asymptomatic erythema progressing to blue discoloration of a toe.
Pernio, also known as chilblains, is an inflammatory condition of the skin triggered by cold exposure.
Las lesiones angiolupoides pueden ser una variante del lupus pernio diferenciadas por la presencia de telangiectasias prominentes (35,36).
First described by Henry Piffard in 1881, pernio (chilblains) is an abnormal inflammatory response to moisture and cold.1 Pernio develops in susceptible individuals who are exposed to nonfreezing cold.
The cutaneous lesions may be classified as specific or non-specific depending on the presence or absence of granulomatous histology.2 Specific lesions include papules maculopapules plaques nodules lupus pernio scar sarcoid ulcerative lesions hypopigmentation and many others.
Specific cutaneous lesions present as macules, papules, nodules, plaque, subcutaneous nodules, infiltrative scars, and lupus pernio (3).
Sundugumuz bu derlemede kalsiyum kanal blokerlerinin Raynaud fenomeni, pernio, kronik anal fissur, vulvodini, keloidler ve yanik izleri, kalsinozis kutis, leiomiyom gibi cesitli dermatolojik hastaliklarin tedavilerindeki kullanimlari degerlendirilecektir.
(1,9) Lesions of sarcoidosis manifest in the skin in the form of lupus pernio or in the form of erythema nodosum.
Skin involvement in sarcoidosis is manifested most commonly by erythema nodosum (nodular panniculitis) and lupus pernio (violaceous papules and plaques).
(2) Lupus pernio (violaceous macules on the face) and flesh-colored papules near the eyes and/or nose may also be seen.