periventricular leukomalacia


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periventricular leukomalacia

Neonatology The presence of lucencies in the periventricular white matter, affecting extremely premature infants, often in a background of subependymal hemorrhage Prevention Vitamin E, ethamsylate may ↓ hemorrhage. Cf Intracranial hemorrhage.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of hypocarbia on the development of cystic periventricular leukomalacia in premature infants treated with high frequency jet ventilation.
Visual-perceptual impairment in children with periventricular leukomalacia.
He was later diagnosed with Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) and as a result has Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy.
The risk of a composite outcome including death, adverse respiratory outcomes, hypoglycemia, treated hyperbilirubinemia, generalized seizures, necrotizing enterocolitis, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, periventricular leukomalacia, and suspected or proven sepsis was 6.
These may include: respiratory distress; anemia; sepsis; intraventricular haemorrhage; and periventricular leukomalacia.
Bax, Tydeman, and Flodmark (2006) found white-matter damage of immaturity, including periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) to be the most common finding in brain MRI scans of children with diagnoses of cerebral palsy.
In all, 91 (67%) children were school-ready, and worse ISP scores were significantly associated with increased odds of lower school-readiness (male gender, chronic lung disease and severe intraventricular haemorrhage or periventricular leukomalacia were also associated).
An accidental extubation and subsequent emergency re-intubation can cause huge variations in cerebral blood flow in neonates, which can increase the risk of periventricular leukomalacia or intraventricular hemorrhage.
The following day, medical imaging showed that the infant had suffered a brain hemorrhage and hydrocephalus, which is increased intracranial pressure on the brain caused by the accumulation of fluid The hemorrhage caused periventricular leukomalacia, the destruction of white matter of the brain.
Periventricular hemorrhagic infarction (PHI) and periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) are the most common and potentially disabling brain parenchymal disorders in newborns.
Throughout this search, the phenomenon of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) was turning up in the literature.