peritonsillar abscess


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Related to peritonsillar abscess: tonsillitis

abscess

 [ab´ses]
a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the disintegration of tissue. Abscesses are usually caused by specific microorganisms that invade the tissues, often by way of small wounds or breaks in the skin. An abscess is a natural defense mechanism in which the body attempts to localize an infection and wall off the microorganisms so that they cannot spread throughout the body. As the microorganisms destroy the tissue, an increased supply of blood is rushed to the area. The cells, bacteria, and dead tissue accumulate to form a clump of cream-colored liquid, which is the pus. The accumulating pus and the adjacent swollen, inflamed tissues press against the nerves, causing pain. The concentration of blood in the area causes redness. The abscess sometimes “comes to a head” by itself and breaks through the skin or other tissues, allowing the pus to drain. Local applications of heat may be used to facilitate localization and drainage.
Abscess, cross section.
alveolar abscess a localized suppurative inflammation of tissues about the apex of the root of a tooth.
amebic abscess an abscess cavity of the liver resulting from liquefaction necrosis due to entrance of Entamoeba histolytica into the portal circulation in amebiasis; amebic abscesses may also affect the lungs, brain, and spleen.
Bartholin abscess acute infection of a Bartholin gland with symptoms including pain, swelling, cellulitis of the vulva, and dyspareunia. Treatment is incision and drainage of the abscess. Cultures should be obtained to rule out infections by Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia.
Bezold's abscess one deep in the neck resulting from a complication of acute mastoiditis.
brain abscess see brain abscess.
Brodie's abscess a circumscribed abscess in bone, caused by hematogenous infection, that becomes a chronic nidus of infection.
cold abscess one of slow development and with little inflammation, usually tuberculous.
diffuse abscess an uncircumscribed abscess whose pus is diffused in the surrounding tissues.
gas abscess one containing gas, caused by gas-forming bacteria such as Clostridium perfringens. Called also Welch's abscess.
miliary abscess one composed of numerous small collections of pus.
pancreatic abscess one that occurs as a complication of acute pancreatitis or postoperative pancreatitis caused by secondary bacterial contamination.
perianal abscess one beneath the skin of the anus and the anal canal.
periapical abscess inflammation with pus in the tissues surrounding the apex of a tooth.
periodontal abscess a localized collection of pus in the periodontal tissue.
peritonsillar abscess a localized accumulation of pus in the peritonsillar tissue subsequent to suppurative inflammation of the tonsil; called also quinsy.
phlegmonous abscess one associated with acute inflammation of the subcutaneous connective tissue.
stitch abscess one developed about a stitch or suture.
thecal abscess one in the sheath of a tendon.
wandering abscess one that burrows into tissues and finally points at a distance from the site of origin.
Welch's abscess gas abscess.

per·i·ton·sil·lar ab·scess

extension of tonsillar infection beyond the tonsillar capsule with abscess formation between the capsule and the musculature of the tonsillar fossa.

peritonsillar abscess

Quinsy ENT Advanced anaerobic infection that begins as aerobic pharyngitis or Vincent's angina Clinical Marked pharyngeal pain, dysphagia, low-grade fever, inflammation and medial displacement of the tonsil; usually unilateral, bilateral lesions may cause pharyngeal obstruction Treatment Penicillin, broad-spectrum antibiotics active against Fusobacterium necrophorum

per·i·ton·sil·lar ab·scess

(per'i-ton'si-lăr ab'ses)
Extension of tonsillar infection beyond the capsule with abscess formation usually above and behind the tonsil.
Synonym(s): quinsy.

peritonsillar abscess

See QUINSY.

per·i·ton·sil·lar ab·scess

(per'i-ton'si-lăr ab'ses)
Extension of tonsillar infection beyond the tonsillar capsule with abscess formation between the capsule and the musculature of the tonsillar fossa; frequent complication of tonsillitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Marshak, "Peritonsillar abscess. A prospective evaluation of outpatient management by needle aspiration," Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, vol.
The diagnosis of peritonsillar abscess is essentially clinical.
The objective of this study was to determine whether needle aspiration of peritonsillar abscess is as effective as incision and drainage in removal of pus.
Reports in the literature neither support nor refute the use of steroids in peritonsillar abscess. (4) Also, it has been written that patients with bilateral peritonsillar abscesses present in distress, in poor condition, and with trismus.
Between February 2002 and February 2005, we treated 98 Native Americans in Arizona who had been diagnosed with peritonsillar abscess. Patients ranged in age from 9 to 48 years; most were aged 15 to 26 years.
Bilateral peritonsillar abscess is reportedly uncommon, and experience with its diagnosis and management is limited.
There are different modes of treatment of peritonsillar abscess. The most common mode of treatment is incision and drainage followed by in interval tonsillectomy 4 to 6 wks later, this type of tonsillectomy is designated as "TONSILLECTOMY A FROID"
Lazar, "Peritonsillar abscess in early childhood: Presentation and management," Archives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery, vol.
Peritonsillar abscess was diagnosed by detection of pus during needle aspiration, abscess drainage in local, or tonsillectomy in common anesthesia.
A CT scan of the neck with contrast showed acute tonsillitis with no peritonsillar abscess. Blood cultures and throat cultures were sent as part of a routine workup of a febrile patient.
Several case reports showed that group G streptococcus (GGS) bacteria are normal commensal flora of the human upper airway that can cause severe pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and, rarely, peritonsillar abscess [1-3].
All patients above 4 years regardless of gender presenting with complaints of recurrent tonsillitis, Obstructive sleep apnea, history of peritonsillar abscess and suspected malignancy were included in the study.