peritoneal lavage

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peritoneal lavage

Irrigation of the peritoneal cavity, e.g., to diagnose blunt abdominal trauma; to diagnose, by obtaining cytologic specimens, or treat tumors of the peritoneum with chemotherapeutic agents; and to treat peritonitis, assist in evacuation of blood, fecal soilage, and/or purulent secretions as in hemorrhage or peritonitis.
See also: lavage


pertaining to the peritoneum.

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
the use of an indwelling catheter with external tubing that is strapped to the body wall when not being used for infusion and drainage of the dialysate fluid.
peritoneal cysts
include vestigial remnants of primordial urogenital organs, cestode intermediate stages, inclusion cysts or lymphatic ectasia.
peritoneal dialysis
the employment of the peritoneum surrounding the abdominal cavity as a dialyzing membrane for the purpose of removing acumulated waste products or toxins. In veterinary medicine, the main indication is acute, reversible renal failure. Certain crystalloids such as urea, creatinine and electrolytes, and some drugs, such as the salicylates, bromides and barbiturates, can be removed.
Fluid equal in osmolarity and similar in chemical composition to normal body fluid is introduced into the peritoneal cavity via a catheter. After a period of time ('dwell time') determined by the molecular weight of the substance being used as the dialyzing solution, the fluid is drained and the cycle repeated.
peritoneal implantation
attachment and growth of other tissues to the peritoneum, e.g. a fetus escaped from the genital tract, direct metastasis of malignant tumors.
peritoneal lavage
see abdominal lavage.
peritoneal lymph
the fluid normally present in very small amount in the peritoneal cavity.
peritoneal membrane
References in periodicals archive ?
Most of these folks are going to be in critical condition and have disseminated intravascular coagulation, so peritoneal lavage becomes a real nightmare.
The jejenal diverticulum was excised and an end-to-end anastomosis was performed followed by peritoneal lavage.
6,7) The original indication was to detect haemoperitoneum in the emergency department (ED), thereby offering a non-invasive alternative to diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) and also expediting time-critical surgical management for trauma patients.
Prior to the 1990s, physicians diagnosed liver injuries primarily through peritoneal lavage, CT scanning, or surgical exploration.
investigational sites to evaluate the Velomedix Automated Peritoneal Lavage System in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, presenting within six hours of symptom onset.
Laparotomy was always considered to be the first choice to manage colon perforation due to its advantages such as adequate localization of the perforation, closure or repair of the defect and the possibility for peritoneal lavage.
Conventional radiographs, contrast studies, diagnostic peritoneal lavage, ultrasound and induction of pneumoperitoneum are notoriously unreliable at detecting acute diaphragmatic injuries.
The pus was drained and a generous peritoneal lavage performed.
An intraoperative cytology on peritoneal lavage was negative for neoplastic seedings.