For further statistical analysis we included 57 peritoneal fluids
(55 ascites probes and 2 peritoneal washings) from patients with primary ovarian cancer (4 of the original 61 cases were diagnosed with borderline ovarian tumors and were excluded).
Various serum and peritoneal fluid
cytokines have been implicated as pathogenic.
Simberkoff MS, Moldover NH, Weiss G: Bactericidal and opsonic activity of cirrhotic ascites and nonascitic peritoneal fluid
TNF-[alpha] values of 15 pg/mL or higher were diagnostic for endometriosis with 100% sensitivity and 89% specificity.
Transforming growth factor-beta activity is increased in peritoneal fluid
from women with endometriosis.
Thorough clinical examination of patient and sample collection of peritoneal fluid
was done with all aseptic precautions and sent to Pathology Lab as early as possible.
continued to have abdominal pain, fever, and elevated WBC counts for both serum and peritoneal fluid
For the peritoneal fluids
there were 38 male and 55 female patients.
Investigators compared concentrations of the six cytokines-interleukin -- 1[beta] (IL-1[beta]), IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, IL-13, and tumor necrosis factor-[alpha] (TNF[alpha])--in blood and peritoneal fluid
obtained from women undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy for pain, infertility, tubal ligation, or sterilization reversal.
cultures did not yield any microorganisms.
was cloudy with a WBC of 2,730/[mm.
However, there were some delays in diagnosis, and one patient died before the diagnosis was confirmed by culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from peritoneal fluid