Full-mouth periodontal assessment
was carried out at six sites per tooth using North-Carolina-15 periodontal probe (Hu-Friedy, Chicago, IL, USA.) by a single calibrated examiner.
revealed gingival recession and probing depths ranging from 4 to 5 mm.
Gum (periodontal) disease was common and diagnosed in close to 300 workers who needed periodontal assessment
The calibration of examiners is important to standardize the periodontal assessment
and to obtain reliable results.
included probing depth (PD) and CAL, measured to the nearest millimeter with a periodontal probe (UNC-15, Hu-Friedy, Chicago, USA), the presence or absence of BOP, supragingival biofilm (VP), gingival marginal bleeding (GB), and suppuration (SUP).
The 109 skill standards are categorized into these 17 areas: infection control (12 standards); patient/client preparation (8); oral cancer screening (2); impression procedures (2); periodontal assessment
and examination (11); observation of teeth (5); indices and scoring methods (18); communication (5); application of caries preventive agents (5); instrument maintenance (8); instrumentation and dental and dental hygiene treatment (8); pain control (4); intrinsic and extrinsic stain removal (5); amalgam restoration finishing and polishing (2); intraoral appliance/restoration procedures (4); dental imaging (8); and dental hygiene process and professional standards (2).
: An ultrasonic scanner that works at a frequency of 29 MHz has been used to assess the dimensional relationship between hard and soft structures.