Mares with a 1st-degree perineal laceration
can be treated with a Caslick's vulvoplasty, but mares with a 2nd-degree perineal laceration
require a vestibuloplasty because the constrictor vulvae muscle is disrupted, causing the perineum to sink, predisposing the cow to pneumovagina and urovagina.
A MEDLINE search from 1966 to 2017 revealed only two case reports (mastitis and endometritis; Table 1) of postpartum TSS caused by MRSA; however, there are no reports of postpartum MRSA-TSS caused by perineal lacerations
Factors associated with perineal lacerations
requiring suture in vaginal births without episiotomy.
Williams, "Colostomy for a fourth degree perineal laceration
: where is the evidence?" International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol.
Results in a study in Iran showed that lidocaine gel was effective in relieving episiotomy pain at two hours after delivery.15 Considering pain relief is a priority in post partum cares, we conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy of lidocaine gelin pain reliving of episiotomy or Perineal laceration
They examine the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) obstetric trauma indicator, which refers to the occurrence of a third-or fourth-degree perineal laceration
There are no national figures currently available relating to rates of perineal laceration
for Maori women.
Risk of repetition of a severe perineal laceration
. Obstet Gynecol 1999;93:1021-4.
He also discusses normal labor and delivery (including pain management) and such complications as prolonged labor, shoulder dystocia, malpresentation, maternal fever, postpartum hemorrhage, and perineal laceration
Overall, severe perineal laceration
rates in the civilian facilities were down by 38.53% after adoption of SAFE PASSAGES.
Pelvic floor disorders after vaginal birth: effect of episiotomy, perineal laceration
, and operative birth.
CONCLUSION: Our present study demonstrates definite increase in the maternal morbidity in the form of Instrumental deliveries, LSCS, PPH, Perineal laceration
in pregnancies completed 40 wks and beyond.