perinatal transmission


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Related to perinatal transmission: horizontal transmission, vertical transmission

perinatal transmission

The transmission of an infectious illness from mother to infant during childbirth.
See also: transmission
References in periodicals archive ?
Evidence of perinatal transmission of Zika virus, French Polynesia, December 2013 and February 2014.
Antiviral prophylaxis during the third trimester for HBsAg-positive pregnant women with high HBV DNA is being shown to decrease perinatal transmission of HBV (43,44) and may need to become a standard of care in the future.
Perinatal transmission is estimated to be as high as 40%-50% whereas postpartum transmission is rare.
Higher HIV viral loads correlate with a greater risk of perinatal transmission, although transmission can occur with any viral load, even when the systemic plasma viral load is beneath the level of detection [3].
Additional ARVs are used in prophylactic treatment of newborns, largely prescribed based on the perceived "risk" of perinatal transmission.
Seroprevalence of hepatitis B infection during pregnancy and risk of perinatal transmission.
In addition to HIV coinfection, higher maternal viral loads increase the risk of HCV perinatal transmission.
5,6 Considering Hepatitis B 'e' antigen (HBeAg) prevalence as a major indicator of mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT), the highest rates were detected among young females from East Asia, like China, where the perinatal transmission is the most common route of infection, and the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the horizontal transmission is the predominant mode of transmission.
Dr Guha said that vertical and perinatal transmission of HBV is common in Asia and Africa.
Furthermore, there were no cases of perinatal transmission in the 493 women suppressed on ART (viral load < 1000 copies/mL) despite duration of membranes as long as 25 hours (44).
Perinatal transmission and manifestation of hepatitis C virus infection in a high risk population.