perinatal transmission


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Related to perinatal transmission: horizontal transmission, vertical transmission

perinatal transmission

The transmission of an infectious illness from mother to infant during childbirth.
See also: transmission
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the questions left unanswered by 076 was whether some AZT--even considerably less than that used in 076--will reduce the rate of perinatal transmission.
Studies have shown a direct correlation between viral load and perinatal transmission, with transmission lower at any given viral load if antiretroviral therapy is used.
We need to ask whether even mandatory testing will significantly reduce the rate of perinatal transmission of HIV, whether similar improvements could be obtained in other ways, and even whether spending scarce funds on the perinatal transmission of HIV is the best expenditure of public health dollars.
Pregnant women with risk factors for infection should be identified, screened, and counseled regarding the risk for perinatal transmission.
Some infants categorized as having acquired HIV through perinatal transmission may have actually acquired it through early breastfeeding transmission.
Evidence of reproductive failure and lack of perinatal transmission of Bartonella henselae in experimentally infected cats.
Despite strategies designed to prevent perinatal transmission, the number of cases of neonatal HSV infection continues to rise, mirroring the rising prevalence of infection in women of childbearing age.
We need to get treatments to prevent perinatal transmission around the world, not just at home.
The data suggests that anonymous, at-home telemedicine testing for HIV would be a viable tool for use within a public health setting, especially to enhance the efficiency of current outreach programs and as a means to cost-effectively reach pregnant women and reducing perinatal transmission of HIV.
More recent work, however, taking into account the effects of widespread zidovudine use for the prevention of perinatal transmission, suggests that if the woman's viral load is below 1,000 copies of RNA per mL at the time of delivery there is no difference in risk of transmission between elective cesarean section and vaginal delivery, Dr.
Maternal viral genotypic zidovudine resistance and infrequent failure of zidovudine therapy to prevent perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 076.
A protocol using expedited enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay testing of women in labor who have not received prenatal care is useful in identifying HIV-1-positive patients, in whom intrapartum antiretroviral therapy can decrease the risk of perinatal transmission, a retrospective study has shown.