Moreover, the longitudinal layer is absent from much of the anterior and posterior stomach surfaces, and the circular layer is poorly developed in the periesophageal
7,11,19,20) Other complications in dogs are misplacement of the tube in the periesophageal
adventitia and kinking of the tube.
Lesions comprised mild to severe acute necrotizing rhinitis affecting olfactory and respiratory epithelium, focal necrotizing bronchoalveolitis, and marked lymphadenitis (most notably involving the submandibular and retropharyngeal lymph nodes, caudal cervical lymph nodes, and associated peritracheal and periesophageal
6) Extensive metastasis through hematogenous routes to the periesophageal
, peribronchial, periaortic, and retroperitoneal lymph nodes; bones; vertebrae; ribs; pelvis; lung space; viscera; and pleura have been reported.
However, computed tomography (CT) of the chest revealed the presence of periesophageal
air in the neck and mediastinum.
Endoscopic ultrasonography is useful for the evaluation of the depth of primary tumor penetration within the wall and invasion of periesophageal