pericarp

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Related to pericarps: endocarp, epicarp, exocarp

pericarp

(pĕr′ĭ-kärp′)
n.
Botany The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.

per′i·car′pi·al, per′i·car′pic adj.

pericarp

the wall of a fruit, developing from the ovary wall after fertilization has occurred. The pericarp is made up of three distinct layers, an outer exocarp, a central mesocarp and an inner endocarp. In dry fruit the pericarp is firm and often rigid (e.g. poppy capsule, strawberry ACHENES); in succulent fruits the pericarp is swollen, often with a high sugar content in the mesocarp (e.g. grape, peach).
References in periodicals archive ?
The pericarp of mangosteen was dried at 60[degrees]C for 2 days and pulverized by a grinder.
Several compounds in the extract from mangosteen pericarp have recently been identified and shown to have beneficial effects on human health.
However, the insect is a generalized feeder that has no fidelity to Cannabis, and the base of wild achenes do not develop a genuine elaiosome, although the detachment zone is a weak area of the protective pericarp, and might offer some limited nutrition to insects.
In these samples, the camouflagic perianth layer is absent and the color pigmentation resides in the pericarp (achene wall, surrounding the true seed).
Acorns and hickory nuts are minus pericarp Food type Caloric value (Kcal x g dry [wt.
To obtain the extracts, the pericarp fruits dried and powdered were treated with solvents in growing polarity gradient since hexane until ethyl-acetate and ethanol, at room temperature, using the soxhlet equipment for 24 h in each extraction.
Four to 12 physiologically mature seeds per RIL were visually phenotyped for hypodermal and phytomelanin pigments in the pericarp by dissecting through successive pericarp cell layers (epidermis, hypodermis, and phytomelanin) as described by Leon et al.
2]) and additive genetic correlations (re) were estimated for RILs among years and replications for 100-seed weight and seed length, width, and depth, among years for seed oil concentration, and among replications for kernel and pericarp weight and kernel-to-pericarp weight ratio.
Genetically engineering popcorn or chemically modifying the pericarp to generate the best crystalline structure might also offer routes to better popping, adds Hamaker.
This difference in fruit size was due to differences in both the pericarp biomass and the number of seeds per fruit.