pericarp


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Related to pericarp: exocarp, endocarp, mesocarp

pericarp

(pĕr′ĭ-kärp′)
n.
Botany The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.

per′i·car′pi·al, per′i·car′pic adj.

pericarp

the wall of a fruit, developing from the ovary wall after fertilization has occurred. The pericarp is made up of three distinct layers, an outer exocarp, a central mesocarp and an inner endocarp. In dry fruit the pericarp is firm and often rigid (e.g. poppy capsule, strawberry ACHENES); in succulent fruits the pericarp is swollen, often with a high sugar content in the mesocarp (e.g. grape, peach).
References in periodicals archive ?
The image of aleurone and pericarp layers on the dorsal sides of pigmented and non-pigmented genotypes were obtained using thin sections under incident UV light to observe autofluorescence (Olympus BX 51).
Sida and Lugthor respectively and also increase fruit weight and content of total soluble sugar in fruit pericarp (Table 4).
Several studies reported beneficial effects of the use of [alpha]-mangostin, the most abundant nonpolar constituent in the pericarp of the mangosteen [20], while some studies showed contradictory results.
However, Mg was not detected in branch and pericarp at rutab and tamar, while Fe was not detected in pericarp at rutab and tamar stage in Khaki wari vareity.
The achenes tend to remain on the plant for easy harvest, the development of a thick pericarp to protect the seed has been lessened, the camouflagic perianth attached to the pericarp tends to slough off since it is no longer needed, larger seeds have been selected to give the seedlings a better start, and dormancy has been eliminated so that the seeds germinate immediately and produce a dependably uniform crop.
Diego Bumanglag, president of the Sumader Credit Cooperative, said the equipment they received from DOLE hastened cornick making, citing the pericarp remover and mixer alone dramatically reduced their work time from one hour to 10 minutes.
Microstructure analysis revealed that the peel's loosening could be related to a reorganization of extracellular cuticles, the thermal expansion of cell walls and the collapse of several pericarp layers.
ThriVexan is harvested from the whole fruit, including pericarp, fruit and seeds and is standardized to 10% mangosteen.
The analytical power of this system is typified by the improvements in analyte resolution and shortened analysis time shown for the analysis of mangosteen pericarp.
The chief differences appear to be in the palatability of the Quandong, and its smaller and more wrinkled and pitted nut-shell, as against the larger, smoother nut-shell of the Ming, coupled with bitterness of the pericarp.