pericarp


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Related to pericarp: exocarp, endocarp, mesocarp

pericarp

(pĕr′ĭ-kärp′)
n.
Botany The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.

per′i·car′pi·al, per′i·car′pic adj.

pericarp

the wall of a fruit, developing from the ovary wall after fertilization has occurred. The pericarp is made up of three distinct layers, an outer exocarp, a central mesocarp and an inner endocarp. In dry fruit the pericarp is firm and often rigid (e.g. poppy capsule, strawberry ACHENES); in succulent fruits the pericarp is swollen, often with a high sugar content in the mesocarp (e.g. grape, peach).
References in periodicals archive ?
To analyze the role of pericarp in seed germination, we used the "Horto" population due to high cypsela availability and their physiological responses.
Results of the Tukey test indicated that the phenotypic differentiation between the two geographic regions was due to significant differences (p<0.05) between average fruit weight, fruit diameter, fruit length, pericarp thickness and fruit shape index.
TABLE I CHARACTERIZATION OF Tapirira mexicana Marchand SPECIES SEED Characteristics Humidity (%) 6.3 [+ or -] 0.13 Seed without shell (%) 30.6 [+ or -] 0.28 Pericarp thickness (mm) 2.3 [+ or -] 0.07 Length (mm) 13.3 [+ or -] 0.13 Width (mm) 9.5 [+ or -] 0.18 Values expressed as averages [+ or -] SD.
Micro-CT scan imagery shows rectangular spaces in the pericarp (Fig.
These characteristics include leaf shape, leaf area, blade width, leaf colour, inflorescence length, inflorescence colour, inflorescence thickness, number of flowers/inflorescence, fruit spike length, fruit size in diameter, fruit colour (hard dough stage), percent fruit set, conversion rate percent of fresh to black pepper, conversion rate percent of fresh to white pepper, pericarp thickness, seed weight, number of nodes per foot of the stem, and anthocyanin colouration.
The dry fruit physic characterization was performed manually by the separation and weighing of the shell (pericarp), the seed coat and the seeds.
KUMAR, S.; MISHRA, B.B.; SAXENA, S.; BANDYOPADHYAY, N.; MORE, V Inhibition of pericarp browning and shelf life extension of litchi by combination dip treatment and radiation processing.
Evaluation of muscle relaxant activity of aqueous extract of Sapindus trifoliatus (pericarp) in swiss albino mice.
The major active substances in mangosteen pericarp are xanthones and their derivatives such as [alpha]-, [beta], [gamma]-ymangostin, garcinone, mangostanol, and gartinin, in which [alpha]-mangostin is the major xanthone [1].
Thus this study was aimed at examining the role of fresh juice mixtures of the fruits of Actinidia deliciosa and Garcinia mangostana as well as the pericarp extract of Garcinia mangostana in preventing the osteoporotic changes using ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic model.
Jianweixiaoshi is a TCHM constituted of Pseudostellaria heterophylla root tuber (Tai Zi Shen), Dioscorea opposita rhizome (Shan Yao), Hordeum vulgare fruit (Mai Ya), Crataegus pinnatifida fruit (Shan Zha), Citrus reticulata pericarp (Chen Pi), and Jianweixiaoshi tablets (JT) (a trademark [R] Z20013220) approved by the Ministry of Public Health as treatment for intestinal diseases.