7%) or rarely the subclavian, internal mammary and pericardiophrenic
Therefore, vascularization of both tissues is also different, where pericardiophrenic
branches of the internal mammary artery supply blood for pericardial adipose tissue, while EAT is vascularized by coronary arteries .
Sometimes left-sided PAPVR drains via a persistent left SVC into the coronary sinus, a pericardiophrenic
vein or the hemiazygos vein [1,7].
2) Malposition usually occurs within the major tributaries of the superior vena cava, including subclavian, internal thoracic, pericardiophrenic
, and superior intercostal veins.
7%); and rarely via the subclavian, internal thoracic, and pericardiophrenic
The stimulation lead is placed in the pericardiophrenic
Beyond coronary sinus angiography: the value of coronary arteriography and identification of the pericardiophrenic
vein during left ventricular lead placement.
Subsequent computed tomography (CT) revealed massive mediastinal and pericardiophrenic
adenopathy, persistent pericardial effusion, compression of the main and left pulmonary arteries, and bilateral pleural effusions (Figures 1 and 2).
4,6) Branches of the abdominal aorta, intercostals, subclavian, innominate, internal thoracic, pericardiophrenic
, gastric, celiac, suprarenal, and pulmonary arteries have also been documented.