pericardial tamponade


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pericardial tamponade

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CARDIAC TAMPONADE

pericardial tamponade

Cardiac tamponade. See: illustration
See also: tamponade

pericardial

pertaining to the pericardium.

pericardial diaphragmatic hernia
pericardial effusion
the second stage of pericarditis when much inflammatory exudate accumulates, part of a general edematous state or in cases of neoplasia involving the epicardium or pericardium. Characterized by enlargement of the cardiac silhouette on radiography and outline on percussion, muffling of heart sounds and congestive heart failure due to compression of the heart by cardiac tamponade.
pericardial fibrosis
a chronic change in pericarditis, leading to constriction that limits diastolic ventricular volume. See also constrictive pericarditis.
pericardial friction rub
see pericardial rub.
pericardial inflammation
pericardial knock
an early diastolic sound caused by loss of pericardial elasticity accompanying fibrosis that limits ventricular filling.
pericardial meridian points
acupuncture points located along the pericardial meridian.
pericardial paracentesis
pericardial tamponade
see cardiac tamponade.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since then, this technique has been increasingly used in other causes of pericardial effusion, such as inflammatory or neoplastic disease, (4,6) pericardial tamponade following coronary artery bypass graft or heart transplantation, (7,16) and in the acute setting for the assessment of cardiac injury after penetrating trauma.
Migration of the centrally placed venous lines leading to potential complications such as mediastinal haematoma (1), pericardial tamponade (2) and pleural effusion (3) have been reported.
Third, our patient had a purulent pericardial infection yet had no symptoms or signs of pericardial infection, by history or clinical examination, resembling acute pericarditis or pericardial tamponade.
Pericardial tamponade secondary to thrombosis in the mediastinum required chest exploration immediately after surgery.
The subxyphoid pericardial window should be used to confirm the diagnosis of pericardial tamponade in stable patients if results of ultrasonography or echocardiography are equivocal.