pericardial tamponade


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pericardial tamponade

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CARDIAC TAMPONADE

pericardial tamponade

Cardiac tamponade. See: illustration
See also: tamponade

pericardial

pertaining to the pericardium.

pericardial diaphragmatic hernia
pericardial effusion
the second stage of pericarditis when much inflammatory exudate accumulates, part of a general edematous state or in cases of neoplasia involving the epicardium or pericardium. Characterized by enlargement of the cardiac silhouette on radiography and outline on percussion, muffling of heart sounds and congestive heart failure due to compression of the heart by cardiac tamponade.
pericardial fibrosis
a chronic change in pericarditis, leading to constriction that limits diastolic ventricular volume. See also constrictive pericarditis.
pericardial friction rub
see pericardial rub.
pericardial inflammation
pericardial knock
an early diastolic sound caused by loss of pericardial elasticity accompanying fibrosis that limits ventricular filling.
pericardial meridian points
acupuncture points located along the pericardial meridian.
pericardial paracentesis
pericardial tamponade
see cardiac tamponade.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pericardial tamponade can be encountered in many conditions and pericardiocentesis performed as urgent treatment is life-saving.
Pericardial tamponade is most commonly caused by malignencies and traumas.
The subcostal 4-chamber view is mainly used to eliminate obvious pathological states such as pericardial tamponade and acute pulmonary artery hypertension; parasternal long-axis and short-axis views' focus on the qualitative assessment of ventricular wall thickness, chamber diameter, left ventricular systolic function, and segmental dyskinesia; and inferior vena cava (IVC) and apical 4-chamber views are used to qualitatively evaluate the state of volume (apparent low volume and volume overload) and fluid responsiveness.
Although there are ultrasonic temponade signs, such as pericardial effusion, end-systolic right atrial collapse, early-diastolic right ventricular collapse, the clockwise rotation of the heart, and IVC expansion, the diagnosis of pericardial tamponade depends on its hemodynamic consequences.
Cardiac Surgeons at the Montreal Heart Institute have published a report featured in this month's Annals of Thoracic Surgery detailing how active clearance of chest tubes in the ICU non surgically treated a life-threatening episode of pericardial tamponade in a patient recovering from heart surgery (Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 101: 1159-1163, 2016), US-based medical device maker ClearFlow Inc said.
22] In under-resourced areas, emergency pericardiocentesis in a haemodynamically unstable patient may be necessary without ultrasound guidance, provided the diagnosis of pericardial tamponade is established as accurately as clinically possible.
However, a catheter tip within the SCV (on a chest X-ray) may also erode the vessel and cause either mediastinal haematoma, pleural infusion or pericardial tamponade (28).
Migration of the centrally placed venous lines leading to potential complications such as mediastinal haematoma (1), pericardial tamponade (2) and pleural effusion (3) have been reported.
Pericardial tamponade secondary to thrombosis in the mediastinum required chest exploration immediately after surgery.