pericardial effusion


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Related to pericardial effusion: pericarditis

effusion

 [ĕ-fu´zhun]
1. escape of a fluid into a part; exudation or transudation.
2. an exudate or transudate.
chyliform effusion see chylothorax.
chylous effusion see chylothorax.
pericardial effusion the accumulation of an abnormally large amount of pericardial fluid in the pericardium.
Accumulated fluid from a pericardial effusion evacuated by the subxiphoid approach to pericardiocentesis. From Polaski and Tatro, 1996.
pleural effusion see pleural effusion.
pseudochylous effusion see chylothorax.

per·i·car·di·al ef·fu·sion

increased fluid within the pericardial sac; can cause circulatory compromise by compression of the heart; most often caused by inflammation, infection, malignancy, and uremia.

pericardial effusion

Etymology: Gk, peri, around, kardia, heart; L, effundere, to pour out
the escape of blood or other fluid into the pericardium. Also called hydropericardium.

pericardial effusion

Medtalk An abnormal collection of fluid in the pericardium

per·i·car·di·al ef·fu·sion

(per'i-kahr'dē-ăl ĕ-fyū'zhŭn)
Increased amounts of fluid within the pericardial sac, usually due to inflammation.

pericardial

pertaining to the pericardium.

pericardial diaphragmatic hernia
pericardial effusion
the second stage of pericarditis when much inflammatory exudate accumulates, part of a general edematous state or in cases of neoplasia involving the epicardium or pericardium. Characterized by enlargement of the cardiac silhouette on radiography and outline on percussion, muffling of heart sounds and congestive heart failure due to compression of the heart by cardiac tamponade.
pericardial fibrosis
a chronic change in pericarditis, leading to constriction that limits diastolic ventricular volume. See also constrictive pericarditis.
pericardial friction rub
see pericardial rub.
pericardial inflammation
pericardial knock
an early diastolic sound caused by loss of pericardial elasticity accompanying fibrosis that limits ventricular filling.
pericardial meridian points
acupuncture points located along the pericardial meridian.
pericardial paracentesis
pericardial tamponade
see cardiac tamponade.
References in periodicals archive ?
While pericardial cysts can grow slowly over time, rapid temporal or positional change in size should raise the question of pericardial diverticulum or loculated pericardial effusion in the setting of adhesions.
Cytologic evaluation of the pericardial effusion revealed a very low cellularity and finely stippled pink background containing high numbers of erythrocytes admixed with small numbers of macrophages and rare reactive mesothelial cells.
1), (2) The cardiac problems associated with patients with CSS include a wide range of pathologies such as congestive heart failure, pericardial effusions, myocarditis, and intracardiac thrombosis.
Pericardial disease including uremic pericarditis and pericardial effusion is one of the common complications of end stage renal failure.
Also, cytodiagnosis of pericardial effusion may help in the diagnosis, regardless of the appearance of the effusion.
1) Pericardial effusion was the commonest mode of presentation in our patients, which is in keeping with other studies.
The presence of ascites, pleural effusions and pericardial effusions was noted.
The company's Complete Response accepted by the FDA included specific guidance for identifying patients at potential risk for, and guidance to manage patients who may develop pericarditis or pericardial effusions.
In all, 10 of 31 patients (32%) had at least one significant cardiac finding (prolonged QTc, pericardial effusion, and/or mitral valve prolapse), despite the short duration of their illness.
In the presence of ACT, the echocardiogram findings will reveal collapse or partial collapse of the atria or ventricles related to the development of the pericardial effusion (McCance & Huether).
Smith's alleged failure to orally communicate with Jamia Hoard's health care personnel, caused her to have a pericardial effusion.
In a 10 yr follow up study, it has been observed that corticosteroids when added to anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy in patients with tuberculous pericardial effusion has reduced the adverse reactions and the risk of death provided there are no contraindications to the use of steroids (21).