pericardial cavity


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Related to pericardial cavity: parietal pericardium

cavity

 [kav´ĭ-te]
1. a hollow or space, or a potential space, within the body or one of its organs; called also caverna and cavum.
2. the lesion produced by dental caries.
Cavities in the body. From Applegate, 2000.
abdominal cavity the cavity of the body between the diaphragm above and the pelvis below, containing the abdominal organs.
absorption c's cavities in developing compact bone due to osteoclastic erosion, usually occurring in the areas laid down first.
amniotic cavity the closed sac between the embryo and the amnion, containing the amniotic fluid.
cranial cavity the space enclosed by the bones of the cranium.
glenoid cavity a depression in the lateral angle of the scapula for articulation with the humerus.
marrow cavity (medullary cavity) the cavity that contains bone marrow in the diaphysis of a long bone; called also medullary canal.
nasal cavity the proximal portion of the passages of the respiratory system, extending from the nares to the pharynx; it is divided into left and right halves by the nasal septum and is separated from the oral cavity by the hard palate.
oral cavity the cavity of the mouth, bounded by the jaw bones and associated structures (muscles and mucosa).
pelvic cavity the space within the walls of the pelvis.
pericardial cavity the potential space between the epicardium and the parietal layer of the serous pericardium.
peritoneal cavity the potential space between the parietal and the visceral peritoneum.
pleural cavity the potential space between the two layers of pleura.
pulp cavity the pulp-filled central chamber in the crown of a tooth.
cavity of septum pellucidum the median cleft between the two laminae of the septum pellucidum. Called also pseudocele, pseudocoele, and fifth ventricle.
serous cavity a coelomic cavity, like that enclosed by the pericardium, peritoneum, or pleura, not communicating with the outside of the body and lined with a serous membrane, i.e., one which secretes a serous fluid.
tension cavity cavities of the lung in which the air pressure is greater than that of the atmosphere.
thoracic cavity the portion of the ventral body cavity situated between the neck and the diaphragm; it contains the pleural cavity.
tympanic cavity the major portion of the middle ear, consisting of a narrow air-filled cavity in the temporal bone that contains the auditory ossicles and communicates with the mastoid air cells and the mastoid antrum by means of the aditus and the nasopharynx by means of the auditory tube. The middle ear and the tympanic cavity were formerly regarded as being synonymous.
uterine cavity the flattened space within the uterus communicating proximally on either side with the fallopian tubes and below with the vagina.

per·i·car·di·al cav·i·ty

1. the potential space between the parietal and the visceral layers of the serous pericardium; Synonym(s): cavitas pericardiaca, cavitas pericardialis [TA], cavum pericardii
2. in the embryo, that part of the primary celom containing the heart; originally it is in open communication with the pericardioperitoneal cavities and indirectly, through them, with the peritoneal part of the celom.

per·i·car·di·al cav·i·ty

(per'i-kahr'dē-ăl kav'i-tē)
1. The potential space between the parietal and visceral layers of the serous pericardium.
2. In the embryo, that part of the primary celom containing the heart; originally it is in open communication with the pericardioperitoneal cavities and indirectly, through them, with the peritoneal part of the celom.

pericardial cavity

  1. the part ofthe coelom surrounding the heart of vertebrates.
  2. the part of the HAEMOCOEL surrounding the heart in arthropods.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most of surgeons describe the use of anterior longitudinal or transverse diaphragmotomy and pericardiotomy with isolation of the IVC in the pericardial cavity [3, 8-10].
Our detection of GABA in the hemolymph extracted from the pericardial cavity points to the pericardia] organs (POs) as being a second source of GABA that could potentially modulate targets in the STNS.
Clams were divided into three separate groups (45 clams each) that were exposed to QPX by injection into the pallial cavity (500 [micro]l or 1 x [10.sup.5] QPX cells [clam.sup.-1]), injection into the pericardial cavity (200 [micro]l or 4 x [10.sup.4] QPX cells [clam.sup.-1]), or through the water column by directly adding the culture to the seawater contained in clam-holding tank column (1.5 x [10.sup.5] QPX cells c[lam.sup.-1]).
The space between the 2 layers is called the pericardial cavity. It contains serous fluid, typically between 15 mLs and 50 mLs.
Although not the target of this study, we also detected the presence of Philometra saltatrix in the pericardial cavity of one adult male bluefish collected in NC and three adult males in NY.
Before the closure of sternum, the solution was poured into pericardial cavity as cardiac bath while the chest tubes were temporarily clamped.
In our case, only after the contrast-enhanced CT, we discovered the cardiac mass and leakage of contrast medium into the pericardial cavity. The final surgical exploration and pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a primary cardiac angiosarcoma.
Then the part of the lead protruding from the RV was grasped with forceps and cut in the pericardial cavity. Next, the pacing lead and generator were extracted from the left subclavian wound without any resistance.
Furthermore, the cyst could also rupture into the pericardial cavity and cause pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade.
(1,6) Because of the close attachment between the pericardium and the heart wall, the pericardial cavity and pericardium can only be visualized during sonographic evaluation if pathology is present.
An echocardiography showed mild diastolic dysfunction and a cysts-like structure inside the pericardial cavity. The computerized tomography (CT) confirmed 8 x 7 cm cystic structure situated between the aortic arch and right pulmonary artery (Figure 1).
A perforation was noted in the right ventricle, and a small amount of blood was seen in the pericardial cavity. The perforation was repaired with direct suture closure using Teflon pledgets.