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Etymology: Gk, peri, around, kardia, heart; L, adhesio, sticking to
an attachment of the pericardium to the heart muscle, sometimes restricting the muscle's action. In some cases a previous inflammation or surgery may result in dense fibrous adhesions that obliterate the pericardium. The condition may be general or localized and may involve adhesion between the two layers of pericardium (internal adhesive pericarditis), obstructing the pericardial cavity, or between one layer and surrounding tissues such as the diaphragm, mediastinum, or chest wall (external adhesive pericarditis) as a result of an inflammatory process. Also called adherent pericardium.
pericardial adhesionA fibrous pericardial adhesion that follows heart surgery or other condition causing pericarditis. See Adhesion.
Sticking of the pericardium to the myocardium, e.g., after heart surgery. If extensive, adhesions may lead to restriction of the normal contraction of the heart.See: pericarditis
See also: adhesion