describe a case of an elderly immunocompetent male who was found to have pericardial
tamponade along with third-degree AV block.
Infectious workup including VDRL, HIV, pericardial
fluid Gram-stain, culture, AFB stain and culture, and virus culture was negative.
The etiology of pericardial
effusion among the 32 study patients included 11 infections, 9 systemic inflammatory diseases, 2 tumors/malignancy, 2 cardiomyopathies, and 6 undetermined etiologies including 2 with underlying malignancy (Table 1).
Diagnosis in case of an isolated pericardial
effusion as presentation is challenging.
In general, infection makes up a small percentage of large volume pericardial
effusions, with influenza B not being regarded as a common causative agent .
IgG4-related disease is now a well, although rare, recognized cause of pericardial
disease (i.e., constrictive pericarditis) with several reports over the last years [6, 7].
effusion treatment aims to suppress its symptoms, restore hemodynamic stability and prevent recurrence (6).
cysts are defined as unilocular, fluid-filled masses that arise from the mediastinal fat, with walls composed of connective tissue and a single layer of mesothelial cells.
We describe a case of a 39-year-old comatose patient presenting with the major findings of a spontaneous intracerebral bleeding, electrolyte disturbance (low sodium and potassium), and a massive pericardial
A transthoracic echocardiogram revealed pericardial
effusion and moderate mitral and tricuspid regurgitation.
The Kubes lab, in collaboration with the Fedak lab, found that a specific cell, a Gata6+ pericardial
cavity macrophage, helps heal an injured heart in mice.
The major cause of this illness is increasing amount of pericardial
adipose tissues stored around the heart, suggested a 2010 (https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm) study titled 'Pericardial
adipose tissue, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease risk factors.'