In a study investigating protective effect of caffeic acid phenylester in lower extremity I/R damage peribronchial
and perivascular leucocyte infiltration was decreased compared to I/R administered group (Calikoglu et al.
The radiologic features of Mycoplasma is typical of a bronchopneumonia, usually involving a single lobe, subsegmental atelectasis, peribronchial
thickening, and streaky interstitial densities.
A) Initial chest radiograph showing bilateral peribronchial
infiltration in the central areas of both lungs and minimal pleural effusion.
 which was used as a modified version in the mentioned study; grade and extent of bronchiectasis, mucus plug formation, peribronchial
thickening, and level of division which bronchiectasis extends are evaluated.
A, Axial HRCT image shows patchy consolidation and ground-glass attenuation with a peribronchial
and perilobular distribution, resembling a reverse halo sign.
Lung tissue from the AR control mice demonstrated marked histopathologic abnormalities characterized by significant (p < 0.05) increase in peribronchial
and perivascular inflammatory infiltration in alveoli and bronchial region (Fig.
The most common findings on chest CT are consolidations and areas of peribronchial
ground glass opacities, mainly in the lung bases.
Lung imaging may reveal increased aeration, flattening of the diaphragm, infiltrations, patchtype atelectasis, and increased peribronchial
Chest radiography and chest CT show bilateral ground-glass infiltration and hilar or peribronchial
Consistent with our findings of a stronger association between endotoxin and CBE in participants sensitized to inhalant allergens, endotoxin has been found to have worse effects in atopy via goblet cell hyperplasia and subsequent mucus hypersecretion causing peribronchial
inflammation in atopic people (Charavaryamath et al.
Another possible mechanism involved in the smooth muscle hypertrophy observed in our study is the one proposed by Yick et al, who observed that in asthmatic patients with GC treatment, the gene expression of the smooth muscle is altered, causing an increase in the size of the peribronchial
smooth muscle fiber.
 The probable cause for the decrease in PFT is the accumulation in peribronchial
lymphoid and connective tissues along with varying degrees of wall thickening and remodeling in terminal and respiratory bronchioles arising from each pathway.