perianal

(redirected from perianal fistula)
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Related to perianal fistula: Perianal abscess

perianal

 [per″e-a´nal]
around the anus.

cir·cum·a·nal

(ser'kŭm-ā'năl),
Surrounding the anus.
Synonym(s): perianal, periproctic

perianal

[per′i·ā′nəl]
Etymology: Gk, peri, around; L, anus
pertaining to the area around the anus.

perianal

adjective Around or surrounding the anus.

per·i·a·nal

(per'ē-ā'năl)
Pertaining to the area around the anus.
[G. peri, around + L. anus]

perianal

around the anus.

perianal abscess
under the skin outside the anal canal. Causes sufficient pain to inhibit defecation.
perianal fistula
a syndrome of inflammation, ulceration, and draining sinuses and fistulae in the perianal region of dogs, particularly German shepherd dogs. The specific lesions include fistulae of the anal sinuses, anal sac rupture and fistulae, submucous fistulae and sinuses and fistulae of the rectum. Clinical signs include painful defecation and unpleasant odor. A variety of surgical techniques have been developed, but the condition is very resistant to treatment. Called also anal furunculosis.
perianal gland
modified sebaceous glands found in skin around the anus of dogs. Other regions also contain modified glands, e.g. the perineum, prepuce, thigh, dorsal lumbosacral area and tail base. Called also circumanal glands, hepatoid glands.
perianal gland hyperplasia
most perianal gland enlargements in male dogs are hormone-dependent hyperplasia and regress when the patient is castrated.
perianal gland tumors
nodular hyperplasia, adenomas and carcinomas are common in older male dogs, occurring occasionally in females.
perianal pyoderma
see perianal fistula (above).
perianal sinus
see perianal fistula (above).
perianal warts
papilloma around anus, virus possibly transmitted by veterinarian performing rectal examination.
References in periodicals archive ?
The aim of the study is to evaluate the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in viewing and classifying perianal fistulas.
3, 5, 6, 13-23 None of the chronic complications such as anal incontinence and perianal fistula occurred after the LUV procedure.
The surgical techniques often used for perianal fistula have variable results and no surgical treatment is totally effective in both eliminating disease and avoiding complications like anal incontinence, anal stricture and recurrence of fistulas (Matthiesen and Marretta, 1993).
1518 Recently we have added dynamic MR sequence in our protocol and it will take another year or two to assess whether it has any additional benefit over single phase post contrast MR for perianal fistula.
The latest addition to this therapy is some course of immunosuppressive drugs to address the immune mediated issues that have recently been incriminated as part of the pathogenesis of perianal fistulas.
2 Positive response to perianal fistula 94 68 Complete 67 56 Partial 27 12 Nonresponse 7 32 Steroid withdrawal 68 73 Infusion--related reactions 26 19 Figure 1.
Complex perianal fistulas are a complication for people living with Crohn's disease and there are limited treatment options.
Surgery was required for 71% of first episodes of perianal fistula vs.
LEUVEN, Belgium, October 17, 2016--The Swiss government has designated as an orphan drug a company's suspension of allogeneic adipose-derived stem cells (eASC) injected into lesions for the treatment of complex perianal fistulas in patients with Crohn's disease.
Cx601 is a suspension of allogeneic expanded adipose-derived stem cells (eASC) locally administered for the treatment of complex perianal fistulas in patients with non-active/mildly active luminal Crohns disease, who have had an inadequate response to at least one conventional or biologic therapy.
In December 2017 the CHMP of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) adopted a positive opinion recommending marketing authorisation for Cx601 as a treatment for complex perianal fistulas in patients with non-active/mildly active luminal Crohn's disease, who have had an inadequate response to at least one conventional or biologic therapy.