A venous Doppler ultrasound examination was performed in all the patients prior to the surgical intervention in order to mark the trajectory of the superficial veins, as well as the communicant venous system, and all information regarding the local anatomy, the presence or absence of a collateral venous network, and the type of perforator
veins was collected.
Groin flap and superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator
Over the free flaps, the peroneal artery perforator
flap has notable advantages making it a suitable option for distal leg defects: reliable, versatile design, composition, size and mobility of the flap, shorter operating time, less bleeding and thrombosis, calf muscle and peroneal vessel sparing while providing adequate blood perfusion to the flap [17, 18].
Systematic review of outcomes after surgical management of venous disease incorporating subfascial endoscopic perforator
For higher emissions (>0.09 ppm), and when using standard particleboards, the perforator
gives satisfactory correlation to most chamber methods .
pedicled propeller flap is a useful and versatile option for coverage of compound lower limb defects, where the alternative means of coverage would have been a free flap.
Freestyle pedicled perforator
flaps: Safety, prevention of complications, and management based on 85 consecutive cases.
The significance of these concepts of perforator
flow between perforators
directly impacts flap design and survival.
In recent years, perforator
flaps become more popular due to their aesthetic results and less donor site morbidity [25-28].
They include standard pedicled and free flaps and newer adipofascial and perforator
flaps, as well as pedicled and free vascularized bone transfers for bone reconstruction, ranging from a scaphoid nonunion to large bone defects.
The identification of inflowing perforator
to RVs at about 10 cm distance in the rectum is helpful in selecting the optimum site of RVs banding.
50 should read "Also, formaldehyde (methanal [HCHO]) values of the particleboards were determined by the perforator
method but not published."