percutaneous stimulation

per·cu·ta·ne·ous stim·u·la·tion

electrical stimulation of the peripheral nerves or spinal cord by the application of electrodes to the skin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Motor nerve conduction studies were performed for median and ulnar nerve on both sides using standard techniques of supramaximal percutaneous stimulation with a constant current stimulator and surface recording electrode for both nerves of each subject.
Szeles, "Modulation of muscle tone and sympathovagal balance in cervical dystonia using percutaneous stimulation of the auricular vagus nerve," Artificial Organs, vol.
He was 27 yr postinjury and was implanted with a 16-channel percutaneous stimulation system with intramuscular electrodes to facilitate standing and walking.
The companion DVD contains videos of single-injection and continuous nerve blocks, and examples of the anatomical responses gained from percutaneous stimulation of the nerves.
In a study sponsored by the company, a percutaneous stimulation test-using a stimulating electrode placed through the perineum to the pudendal nerve--was performed in seven women who had refractory overactive bladder.
In future studies, percutaneous stimulation, measurement of EMG levels across muscles, and an experimental design that simplifies force analysis could provide insight into the mechanisms responsible.
Fully implanted pacemaker-like systems, on the other hand, offer numerous advantages over surface and percutaneous stimulation for long-term clinical use, including improved convenience, cosmesis, reliability, and repeatability [26].
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