under a multimodal analgesia regime.
made easier: a practical guide, tips and tricks.
Are we fearful of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy
? Assessing the need for tube drainage following percutaneous nephrolithotomy
Complications in percutaneous nephrolithotomy
. Eur Urol 2007;51:899-906; discussion 906.
Classification of percutaneous nephrolithotomy
complications using the modified Clavien grading system: looking for a standard.
Aggressive approach to staghorn calculi: safety and efficacy of multiple tracts percutaneous nephrolithotomy
Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), regular and small sized percutaneous nephrolithotomy
(PCNL) in daily practice: European Association of Urology Section of Urolithiasis (EULIS) Survey.
Evaluating the learning curve for percutaneous nephrolithotomy
under total ultrasound guidance.
Ammar et al., "Flank free modified supine position: a new modification for supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy
," Arab Journal of Urology, vol.
Comparison of percutaneous nephrolithotomy
and retrograde flexible nephrolithotripsy for the management of 2-4 cm stones: a matched-pair analysis.
(PNL) is the preferred choice of treatment for large (>2 cm) and complex kidney stones.
As the guidelines recommend, percutaneous nephrolithotomy
(PCNL), of which standard access tracts are 24-30 French (Fr), is a recommended management of patients with renal or ureteral stones more than 20 mm or and for smaller stones (10-20 mm) of the lower pole stones when anatomic factors make extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) unfavorable.