Mumbower et al., "Treatment of acute cholecystitis in non-critically III patients at high surgical risk: Comparison of clinical outcomes after gallbladder aspiration and after percutaneous cholecystostomy
," American Journal of Roentgenology, vol.
Percutaneous cholecystostomy could be also used as a method of exclusion of the gallbladder/biliary tree as a source of sepsis in unstable severely ill patients.
Acute cholecystitis in high-risk patients: percutaneous cholecystostomy vs conservative treatment.
Predicting Infected Bile among patients undergoing percutaneous cholecystostomy. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol (2005) 28:319-325
Lipschitz, "Short- and long-term outcomes following percutaneous cholecystostomy for acute cholecystitis in high-risk patients," Surgical Endoscopy, vol.
Penas et al., "Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage reduces adverse events compared with percutaneous cholecystostomy in patients who are unfit for cholecystectomy," Endoscopy, vol.
Baron, "Conversion of Percutaneous Cholecystostomy to Internal Transmural Gallbladder Drainage Using an Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided, Lumen-Apposing Metal Stent," Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol.
Nonvascular pediatric IR procedures include enteric access (eg, feeding and percutaneous gastrostomy tube placements), biopsies, diagnostic and therapeutic drainages, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and biliary drainage, percutaneous cholecystostomy
, and percutaneous nephrostomy.
The outcomes of early cholecystectomy, interval cholecystectomy, delayed cholecystectomy, 'cooling-off' therapy and percutaneous cholecystostomy were evaluated.
Success rates of 'cooling-off' therapy and percutaneous cholecystostomy were 89.3% and 96.3%, respectively.
Ultrasound has been used to guide percutaneous cholecystostomy in pregnant patients to temporize acute cholecystitis with cholecystostomy delayed until after birth (Figure 7).
Percutaneous cholecystostomy for management of acute cholecystis in pregnancy.