* McCafferty DG, Cudic P, Yu MK, Behenna DC, Kruger R (1999) Synergy and duality in peptide antibiotic
mechanisms, Curr Opin Chem Biol, 3: 672-680.
Schroder, "Isolation and characterization of human [beta]-defensin-3, a novel human inducible peptide antibiotic
," The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Optimization of conditions for antimicrobial peptide production: Conditions such as temperature, nitrogen source, incubation time and pH were optimized for the maximum production of peptide antibiotic
. For temperature optimization, conical flasks containing BHI broth with 1 % inoculums culture were maintained at different temperatures (30, 35 and 40 C) for overnight.
Some rrs mutations also confer resistance to the cyclic peptide antibiotic
Dale, "Expression of the peptide antibiotic
human [beta]-defensin 1 in cultured gingival epithelial cells and gingival tissue," Infection and Immunity, vol.
Subtilin is a small peptide antibiotic
of 32 amino acids produced by B.
 Martin, N.I., et al., Isolation, structural characterization, and properties of mattacin (polymyxin M), a cyclic peptide antibiotic
produced by Paenibacillus kobensisM.
(2001) Isolation and characterization of human [beta]-defensin-3, a novel human inducible peptide antibiotic
(2008) determined another actinomycete peptide antibiotic
, valinomycin isolated from Streptomyces sp.
licheniformis strain, 189, isolated from a hot spring environment in the Azores, Portugal, was found to strongly inhibit growth of Gram-positive bacteria by producing peptide antibiotic
(Mendo et al., 2004).
Isolation and characterization of human beta -defensin-3, a novel human inducible peptide antibiotic
. J Biol Chem 2001;276:5707-13.