The first drug in the three-drug lethal injection procedure, thiopental, is a barbiturate, like pentobarbital
. (115) Experts on both sides of the lethal injection controversy agree that a barbiturate, given in the dosage used in most states' lethal injection protocols, would reliably cause death--just as it does in animal euthanasia.
According to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), pet food is considered adulterated if the "food is packaged or held under unsanitary conditions, food or ingredients are filthy or decomposed, and foods contain any poisonous or deleterious substance." As pentobarbital
is considered a poisonous drug, it would therefore be logical that the FFDCA would work to remove that substance from pet foods.
coma is used as the last line of treatment for uncontrolled ICP after all other measures have failed.
Records compiled by the state Department of Human Services in accordance with Oregon's Death with Dignity Law show that with a 10,000-milligram dose of pentobarbital
, all patients died within one hour of taking the medication.
Anesthetics, dosages and administration routes used were; pentobarbital
sodium 10.0 mg/100 g intraperitoneal injection (IP) (Fort Dodge, Fort Dodge, Iowa, USA), ketamine 7.5 mg/100 g IP (Ketaset; Fort Dodge, Fort Dodge, Iowa, USA), 2% halothane (2-bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1trifluoroethane, Halocarbon, River Edge, NJ, USA) delivered via a precision vaporizer.
Brendle A: Efficacy and side effects of flunirazepam and pentobarbital
in severely insomniac patients.
The state has long fought for secrecy of its execution drug suppliers, arguing that pharmacies would be reticent to provide the pentobarbital
if their names were made public.
The court papers state: "There is a substantial risk Mr Ledford will be aware and in agony as the pentobarbital
attacks his respiratory system, depriving his brain, heart and lungs of oxygen as he drowns in his own saliva."
The bird is sedated, either with intramuscular medication (midazolam, often combined with butorphanol), and then intravenous pentobarbital
The report, which was posted on the IGB website, revealed a total of 12 findings, six for pentobarbital
, a sedative/anaesthetic.
CDT, 22 minutes after being injected with a lethal dose of the sedative pentobarbital
. The execution was delayed slightly to ensure the IV lines were functioning properly, said Department of Criminal Justice spokesman Jason Clark.