pentachlorophenol


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Related to pentachlorophenol: creosote, tetrachlorophenol

pen·ta·chlor·o·phe·nol

(pen'tă-klōr'ō-fē'nol),
Insecticide for termite control, preharvest defoliant, and general herbicide. Has been used extensively to preserve wood, wood products, starches, dextrins, and glues. No longer available for consumer use; a powerful irritant.

pentachlorophenol

Toxicology A toxic pesticide and wood preservative Clinical Hyperpyrexia, night sweats, diaphoresis, tachycarida, tachypnea, generalized weakness, N&V, abdominal pain, anorexia, headache, intense thirst, pain in extremities, coma, death Management Supportive–↓ body temperature, hydration, treat metabolic acidosis

pentachlorophenol

(pent″ă-klōr″ŏ-fē′nōl″)
C6HCl5O; a chemical previously used as a wood preservative for termite control and as a defoliant. It is extremely toxic on its own, but some grades are additionally contaminated with dioxin.
References in periodicals archive ?
The five compounds positive to DSB production were used in a set of treatments to determine whether DNA recombination would be induced; pentachlorophenol, even though it induced DSB only in the lowest concentrations tested, was also included in these analyses.
Chlorophenol Compound AWQC (ppb) 2-chlorophenol (2CP) 20,000 4-chloro-3-methylphenol 500,000 (4C3MP) 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4DCP) 10 Pentachlorophenol (PCP) 1 2,4,6-trichlorophenol N/R * (2,4,6TCP) Table 2: LOD and LOQ values and EPA AWQ guidelines for the five chlorophenol analytes.
[81.] Ahmad W, Ali MN, Farah MA, Ateeq B (2002) Computerized automated morphometric assay including frequencyestimation of pentachlorophenol induced nuclear anomalies (micronucleus) in catfish Heteropneustes fossilis.
Ahmad, "Clastogenicity of pentachlorophenol, 2,4-D and butachlor evaluated by Allium root tip test," Mutation Research--Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, vol.
Cirelli, "Patterns of pentachlorophenol usage in the United States of America--an overview," in Pentachlorophenol, vol.
Chen, "Mechanism of reductive decomposition of pentachlorophenol by ti-doped [beta]-[Bi.sub.2][O.sub.3] under visible light irradiation," Environmental Science and Technology, vol.
PcpB, which is the first enzyme of the degradation pathway of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in Sphingobium chlorophenolicum L-1, converts PCP to TeCHQ with oxidative removal of the chloride ion (Figure 3(a)) [45].
The photocatalytic activities of prepared composites material were determined on the degradation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in a simple cylindrical glass reactor (250 mL), conducted under direct sunlight radiation on top of the Chemistry Department Building, Vaal University of Technology (26[degrees]69' S and 27[degrees]84' E), by employing 0.1 g of photocatalyst suspended in 10 mg/L of PCP.
The influence of suspended particles on the acute toxicity of 2-chloro-4- nitro-aniline, cadmium, and pentachlorophenol on the valve movement response of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha).
Minimum peak response requirements for pyridine (0.6) and Pentachlorophenol (0.3) serve as a metric for characterizing both basic and acidic column activity.
Pentachlorophenol is used as a pesticide and a wood preservative.
Carcinogenicity of Pentachlorophenol on Invertebrate and Vertebrate Cells: In Vitro and in Vivo Studies.