penalization


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penalization

(pēn″ĭl-ĭ-zā′shĭn, pĕn″)
An ophthalmological treatment for an eye with weak vision in which the vision from the healthier eye is blunted, blurred, or blocked so that the weaker eye must be relied upon. It is one form of treatment for amblyopia.

penalization 

A clinical method of treating amblyopia and eccentric fixation in which vision by the fixating eye is decreased by various means (optical overcorrection, atropinization for near vision especially, and neutral density filters) in order to compel the amblyopic eye to fixate. Sometimes the treatment consists of using the amblyopic eye for near vision and the fixating eye for distance vision. See attenuation; Bangerter foils; occlusion treatment; pleoptics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because of the drafters' instrumentalist orientation, protection against penalization for illegal entry or presence is only granted to those refugees who take affirmative steps to make themselves known to officials of the asylum country, who do so within a reasonable period of time, and who satisfy authorities that their breach of immigration laws was necessitated by their search for protection.
To this penalization term, we can then impose a velocity in the numerical domain or on a lateral boundary.
In order to overcome the difficulties associated with this, Eilers and Marx have proposed a penalization (P-spline) approach.
Schwartzman's reader finds herself confronted with a portrait of French race relations and immigration policy that, while somehow optimistic in its emphasis on the resilience of the marginalized, also makes painfully real the cruelty of a life constantly threatened by the prospect of penalization and separation from those one loves.
The penalization of activism, human rights and civil liberties struggles and of human rights defenders, such as Nuri al-'Oqbi;
The finite element model of the blade is established in HyperMesh, where, PSOLID elements and Solid Isotropic Material with Penalization (SIMP) method are used for structure topology optimization.
Other entrepreneurs have come up with an "anti-missile missile": They sell software that "prevents detection, false alarms, embarrassment, and penalization, while [it] enriches your writing" (Synonymizer, 2009).
Internet companies, such as TE Data, work with the telecommunications regulator to create a system of penalization for companies found guilty of selling one connection to several households at a time.
In El Salvador, prohibitions on abortion and the subsequent penalization of women and those who help them to end an unwanted pregnancy result from the 1997 reform of the penal code to withdraw all grounds under which abortion was then permitted, including abortion to save the life of the pregnant woman.
In this study, threshold is obtained by PWP coefficients using a penalization method provided by Birge-Massart [5].
Additionally, a penalization to the insertion of gaps is required in order to avoid the insertion of an excessive number of them.
Learning can come in many forms, and the size of the learning group can vary greatly without any penalization of effect.