pelvic kidney

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to pelvic kidney: Ectopic kidney

pel·vic kid·ney

a congenital abnormality in which the kidney is in the pelvis; usually the arterial blood supply comes off the bifurcation of the aorta or the iliac artery.

pelvic kidney


either of the two organs in the lumbar region that filter the blood, excreting the end-products of body metabolism in the form of urine, and regulating the concentrations of hydrogen, sodium, potassium, phosphate and other ions in the extracellular fluid. Bean-shaped in the dog, cat, sheep and laboratory animals, lobed in the ox and some fetal animals such as the horse; irregularly lobed in birds. See also renal.
Enlarge picture
Dog kidney. By permission from Sack W, Wensing CJG, Dyce KM, Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy, Saunders, 2002

artificial kidney
an extracorporeal device used as a substitute for nonfunctioning kidneys to remove endogenous metabolites from the blood, or as an emergency measure to remove exogenous poisons such as barbiturates. Called also hemodialyzer.
balloon kidney
meat hygiene term for cystic kidney.
basal lamina kidney
part of the filtration barrier of the kidney; is much thicker than most basal laminae.
cake kidney
a solid, irregularly lobed organ of bizarre shape, formed by fusion of the two renal anlagen. Called also lump kidney.
cicatricial kidney
a shriveled, irregular and scarred kidney due to suppurative pyelonephritis.
contracted kidney
an atrophic kidney that may be scarred and granular.
duplicate kidney
occurs in most species, without apparent increase in total renal mass.
enlarged kidney
may be due to polycystic kidney disease, hydronephrosis, pyelonephritis or congenital absence of one kidney resulting in hypertrophy of the other.
fatty kidney
one affected with fatty degeneration.
floating kidney
one that is freely movable, especially a human kidney (normally more firmly fixed than those in quadrupeds); called also hypermobile kidney. See also nephroptosis.
Enlarge picture
Bovine kidney. By permission from Sack W, Wensing CJG, Dyce KM, Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy, Saunders, 2002
fused kidney
a single anomalous organ developed as a result of fusion of the renal anlagen.
giant kidney worm
Goldblatt kidney
one with obstruction of its blood flow, resulting in renal hypertension. Produced experimentally in dogs.
horseshoe kidney
an anomalous organ resulting from fusion of the corresponding poles of the renal anlagen.
hypermobile kidney
one that is freely movable; called also floating kidney. See also nephroptosis.
lump kidney
cake kidney.
kidney meridian points
acupuncture points on the kidney meridian.
pelvic kidney
a kidney which has failed to ascend from its primordial site to the roof of the abdomen.
polycystic kidney disease
the most common congenital renal defect but most cases are sporadic and do not cause clinical illness because there is still sufficient renal mass to avoid uremia. In some cases the enlarged kidney is detected incidentally during a clinical examination. Rarely both kidneys are badly involved and the animal is dead at birth or dies soon afterwards. In some cases, there are signs of progressive renal failure, perhaps not until later in life. The defect is inherited in Persian cats, Cairn terriers and pigs. In Cairn terriers, cysts may also occur in the liver. See also feline perirenal cysts.
pulpy kidney disease
see Clostridium perfringensenterotoxemia.
kidney scan
radioimaging of a kidney by the use of a rectilinear scanner after the intravenous administration of a radiopaque material.
kidney stones
supernumerary kidney
additional kidneys which develop as a consequence of two ureteric buds arising from one mesonephric duct so that two kidneys develop on the one side.
kidney transplant
commonly and successfully performed in experimental dogs. Increasingly used as a therapeutic procedure in clinical veterinary medicine for renal failure in cats and dogs.
turkey egg kidney
a speckled pattern caused by hemorrhagic glomeruli in diseases such as porcine erysipelas.
wandering kidney
floating or hypermobile kidney. See also nephroptosis.
waxy kidney
amyloid kidney.
white-spotted kidney
focal nonsuppurative interstitial nephritis, seen most commonly in calves.
References in periodicals archive ?
8) and this seems to be a safe and effective procedure with functional results as good as those of the modified Vecchietti technique, particularly in the subgroup of patients with a pelvic kidney.
However, the presence of a pelvic kidney or previous pelvic surgery contraindicate this procedure.
The pelvic kidney is composed of nephrons that function in urine formation, and possibly as secondary sexual characteristics in some salamanders (i.
The Wolffian ducts travel caudally, lateral to the pelvic kidney until they approach the caudal portion of the kidney where they migrate ventromedially and cross over the ventral surface of the pelvic kidney.
of Operative Cases Intervention Unilateral empty renal Pelvic Kidney 3 0 fossa (Ectopic) (n=5) Dysplastic kidney 1 0 Renal agenesis 1 0 Table 3 Causes No.
The normally positioned kidneys are outside the standard pelvic and para aortic fields, but the ectopic pelvic kidney is at risk of radiation nephritis.
Our patient with this anomaly had the typical clinical picture consisting of primary amenorrhea and cyclic lower abdominal pain, but she was different from previously reported cases in that she had an uterovesical fistula and a pelvic kidney.
Femoral neuropathy following percutaneous nephrolithotomy of a pelvic kidney.
Critical analysis of outcome after open dismembered pyeloplasty in ectopic pelvic kidneys in a pediatric cohort.
In addition other pelvic structures or pathologies may be mistaken for adnexal masses including duplicated uteri in mullerian anomalies pelvic kidneys or peritoneal inclusion cysts.
Murphy et al (9) reported one case where a child born with Sirenomelia survived; the infant was neurologically normal and had fused lower extremities, an imperforate anus, colon atresia, bilateral fused pelvic kidneys with renal dysplasia and sacral dysplasia, and genital abnormalities.
Intrathoracic kidneys are usually asymptomatic, in contrast to pelvic kidneys, and are incidentally found on chest radiography.