pelvic floor


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pelvic floor

the soft tissues enclosing the pelvic outlet.

pelvic floor

A well-defined region bounded anteriorly by the pubis, posteriorly by the sacrum, laterally by the ischial and iliac bones, superiorly by the peritoneum, and inferiorly by the levator ani and coccygeus muscles, the last of which form the pelvic diaphragm.
 
Pelvic floor tissues
Uterus, adnexae, bladder, rectum, neurovascular tissues.

menopause

Change of life, climacteric, 'time of life'  Gynecology The cessation of menstrual activity due to failure to form ovarian follicles, which normally occurs age 45–50 Clinical Menstrual irregularity, vasomotor instability, 'hot flashes', irritability or psychosis, ↑ weight, painful breasts, dyspareunia, ↑/↓ libido, atrophy of urogenital epithelium and skin, ASHD, MI, strokes and osteoporosis–which can be lessened by HRT. See Estrogen replacement therapy, Hot flashes, Male menopause, Premature ovarian failure, Premature menopause. Cf Menarche.
Menopause–”…what a drag it is getting old.” Jagger, Richards
Bladder Cystourethritis, frequency/urgency, stress incontinence
Breasts ↓ Size, softer consistency, sagging
Cardiovascular Angina, ASHD, CAD
Endocrine Hot flashes
Mucocutaneous Atrophy, dryness, pruritus, facial hirsutism, dry mouth
Neurologic Psychological, sleep disturbances
Pelvic floor Uterovaginal prolapse
Skeleton  Osteoporosis, fractures, low back pain
Vagina Bloody discharge, dyspareunia, vaginitis
Vocal cords Deepened voice
Vulva  Atrophy, dystrophy, pruritus

pelvic floor

The connective tissues and muscles (including the coccygeus and the levator ani muscles) that lie beneath and support the perineum and pelvis. Weakening of the tissues of the pelvic floor can occur during childbirth or after radiation, surgery, or trauma to the pelvis, resulting in pelvic floor disorders such as organ prolapse or urinary or fecal incontinence. Synonym: pelvic diaphragm; pelvic support
See also: floor
References in periodicals archive ?
The long-term effectiveness of antenatal pelvic floor muscle training: eight-year follow up of a randomised controlled trial.
The largest group of sufferers are women post-childbirth, for a variety of reasons, mainly because childbirth affects the pelvic floor and things are not as strong and supportive as they used to be.
Changes in the electrical activity of the pelvic floor musculature, determined using the Prometheus Pathway NMR 400, quad channel EMG with the Synergy 3-D NMR 200 software program (The Prometheus Group, Dover, New Hampshire), were measured and recorded monthly through 12 weeks.
Studies have shown that women with a stronger pelvic floor have more intense and longer lasting orgasms, are better lubricated, and want sex more frequently.
In Australia, patient instruction pamphlets, such as Pelvic Floor Muscle Training for Men, are provided by the Continence Foundation of Australia.
That means you're exercising your pelvic floor muscles.
As a wellness business owner and advocate, I've encountered people suffering with these sometimes embarrassing issues and I understand pelvic floor issues can cause disruptions in all areas of life.
Currently, it is believed that partial denervation of the pelvic floor and lineal injury to pelvic floor muscles and connective tissue are caused by mechanical and hormonal changes during pregnancy, as well as physical strain and/or injury during labour and delivery.
As clinicians, we must be willing to look beyond the bladder and examine for pelvic floor issues and other causes of patient's symptoms and not be too quick to begin bladder-focused treatments.