pelvic floor


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pelvic floor

A well-defined region bounded anteriorly by the pubis, posteriorly by the sacrum, laterally by the ischial and iliac bones, superiorly by the peritoneum, and inferiorly by the levator ani and coccygeus muscles, the last of which form the pelvic diaphragm.
 
Pelvic floor tissues
Uterus, adnexae, bladder, rectum, neurovascular tissues.

menopause

Change of life, climacteric, 'time of life'  Gynecology The cessation of menstrual activity due to failure to form ovarian follicles, which normally occurs age 45–50 Clinical Menstrual irregularity, vasomotor instability, 'hot flashes', irritability or psychosis, ↑ weight, painful breasts, dyspareunia, ↑/↓ libido, atrophy of urogenital epithelium and skin, ASHD, MI, strokes and osteoporosis–which can be lessened by HRT. See Estrogen replacement therapy, Hot flashes, Male menopause, Premature ovarian failure, Premature menopause. Cf Menarche.
Menopause–”…what a drag it is getting old.” Jagger, Richards
Bladder Cystourethritis, frequency/urgency, stress incontinence
Breasts ↓ Size, softer consistency, sagging
Cardiovascular Angina, ASHD, CAD
Endocrine Hot flashes
Mucocutaneous Atrophy, dryness, pruritus, facial hirsutism, dry mouth
Neurologic Psychological, sleep disturbances
Pelvic floor Uterovaginal prolapse
Skeleton  Osteoporosis, fractures, low back pain
Vagina Bloody discharge, dyspareunia, vaginitis
Vocal cords Deepened voice
Vulva  Atrophy, dystrophy, pruritus

pelvic floor

The connective tissues and muscles (including the coccygeus and the levator ani muscles) that lie beneath and support the perineum and pelvis. Weakening of the tissues of the pelvic floor can occur during childbirth or after radiation, surgery, or trauma to the pelvis, resulting in pelvic floor disorders such as organ prolapse or urinary or fecal incontinence. Synonym: pelvic diaphragm; pelvic support
See also: floor
References in periodicals archive ?
If you find you're making more than the average amount of trips to the restroom daily, it could signal that you need to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles.
Standard pre-operative preparation for participants undergoing RP in these private practices and outpatient clinic included providing men with verbal and written information about performing PFM exercises using the Pelvic Floor Muscle Training for Men brochure.
"This is just the incontinence side of pelvic floor disfunction we haven't even started with back pain, pelvic pain, pelvic organ prolapse, sexual dysfunction or painful periods...
"This can lead to women tensing their pelvic floor muscles further, which can lead to more pain."
Dan's yoga teacher told me about her trick to get men to isolate their pelvic floor muscles.
"We are the first Pilates studio to offer a session focused on caring for men and women's pelvic floor," said Brynne Billingsley, owner of Progressive Pilates and Certified Pilates Instructor.
The average pelvic floor muscle strength value was found 31.4+-9.6 cm H O and the average Index of Female Sexual Function (IFSF) score was found 26.5+-6.9.
An additional innovative method of assessment includes the use of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), which uses non-invasive photonics in a vaginal speculum to objectively evaluate pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function as it relates to SUI pathology.