pelvic floor


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pelvic floor

the soft tissues enclosing the pelvic outlet.

pelvic floor

A well-defined region bounded anteriorly by the pubis, posteriorly by the sacrum, laterally by the ischial and iliac bones, superiorly by the peritoneum, and inferiorly by the levator ani and coccygeus muscles, the last of which form the pelvic diaphragm.
 
Pelvic floor tissues
Uterus, adnexae, bladder, rectum, neurovascular tissues.

menopause

Change of life, climacteric, 'time of life'  Gynecology The cessation of menstrual activity due to failure to form ovarian follicles, which normally occurs age 45–50 Clinical Menstrual irregularity, vasomotor instability, 'hot flashes', irritability or psychosis, ↑ weight, painful breasts, dyspareunia, ↑/↓ libido, atrophy of urogenital epithelium and skin, ASHD, MI, strokes and osteoporosis–which can be lessened by HRT. See Estrogen replacement therapy, Hot flashes, Male menopause, Premature ovarian failure, Premature menopause. Cf Menarche.
Menopause–”…what a drag it is getting old.” Jagger, Richards
Bladder Cystourethritis, frequency/urgency, stress incontinence
Breasts ↓ Size, softer consistency, sagging
Cardiovascular Angina, ASHD, CAD
Endocrine Hot flashes
Mucocutaneous Atrophy, dryness, pruritus, facial hirsutism, dry mouth
Neurologic Psychological, sleep disturbances
Pelvic floor Uterovaginal prolapse
Skeleton  Osteoporosis, fractures, low back pain
Vagina Bloody discharge, dyspareunia, vaginitis
Vocal cords Deepened voice
Vulva  Atrophy, dystrophy, pruritus

pelvic floor

The connective tissues and muscles (including the coccygeus and the levator ani muscles) that lie beneath and support the perineum and pelvis. Weakening of the tissues of the pelvic floor can occur during childbirth or after radiation, surgery, or trauma to the pelvis, resulting in pelvic floor disorders such as organ prolapse or urinary or fecal incontinence. Synonym: pelvic diaphragm; pelvic support
See also: floor
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnosis of incontinence was determined by the referring physician using a combination of the following: urodynamic studies, a 24-72 hour bladder/fluid habit record, incontinence questionnaire, patient history, and examination of the pelvic floor.
The cohort included 308 urogynecology patients with a pelvic floor disorder and 197 general gynecology patients without such a disorder.
I spent two weeks in the pessary clinic at the Royal Alexandra Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, where their approach to pelvic floor dysfunction and pelvic organ prolapse has been through the use of non-invasive treatment.
I am sorry to hear about your pelvic floor muscle injury, especially since you have been suffering with your pain for so long.
For a therapist who has experience in treating female incontinence, the assessment chapter goes into detail of how to carry out a continence assessment on a man with pelvic floor dysfunction.
Coverage includes a wide range of surgical and non-surgical interventions, such as pelvic floor muscle training, rectovaginal fistula repair, and pharmacologic treatment of urinary incontinence.
Management varies, but pelvic floor exercises are normally encouraged.
I teach women who have incontinence and weak pelvic floor how to work with the pelvic floor.
Key words: electrostimulation, uterine prolapse, pelvic floor muscles, exercise
Amidst all the important information that is conveyed to pregnant women, often underemphasized is how to properly care for the pelvic floor during the childbearing year and beyond.
Pelvic floor symptoms, especially urinary incontinence and obstructive urinary and bowel symptoms, are very common in older women.
Contraction of the pelvic floor muscles may inhibit the involuntary bladder contractions responsible for UUI.