peyote

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peyote

 [pa-o´te]
1. a Mexican cactus of the genus Lophophora.
2. a drug made from the flowering heads of this cactus, whose active principle is the hallucinogen mescaline; used by North American Indians in certain ceremonies to produce feelings of ecstasy.

pe·yo·te

, peyotl (pā-yō'tē, pā-yō'tĕl),
Aztec name for Lophophora williamsii, a small cactus indigenous to Mexico and the southwestern U.S. used in Native American tribal ceremonies, to induce trances and hallucinations; the principal active component of peyote is mescaline.
Synonym(s): pellote
[Sp.]
The trivial name for mushrooms of genus Psilocybe, which contain psychotropics, psilocybin, psilocin
Herbal medicine A North American cactus, with > 50 distinct alkaloids—mescaline is the most active—and best-known for its hallucinatory effects; it is integral to some Native American tribal rituals in the American southwest, but is otherwise illegal
Substance abuse The flowering heads—mescal buttons—are hallucinogenic Clinical features Minutes after ingestion, euphoria, hallucinations, tachycardia, mydriasis, rarely fever, seizures

peyote

Trivial name for mushrooms of genus Psilocybe, which contain psychotropics, psilocybin, psilocin Substance abuse The flowering heads–mescal buttons–are hallucinogenic Clinical Minutes after ingestion, euphoria, hallucinations, tachycardia, mydriasis, rarely fever, seizures. See Mescaline.

pe·yo·te

, peyotel (P) (pā-yō'tē, pā-yō'tĕl)
Aztec name for Lophophora williamsii, a small cactus indigenous to Mexico and the southwestern U.S., used in Native American tribal ceremonies to induce trances and hallucinations.
Synonym(s): pellote.
[Sp.]

peyote

A Mexican cactus of the species Lophophora williamsii from the flowering heads of which the hallucinogenic drug mescaline is prepared.
References in periodicals archive ?
"En el mes de noviembre de la era de mill e CCC e XXXVII anos, to/maron los omnes de Martin Sanchez, el merino, e los porteros de Pancorbo, / de Martin Perez de Cellorigo [...] cuatro cocedras e dos pellones e un pellote de / pres e l'otra ropa menuda e dos tocinos, que valdria D moravedis, f.
Et era puesto en los pellotes et en las otras vestiduras desde el ombro esquierdo fasta la falda>> (Cronica de Alfonso Onceno, 1787, cap.
De esta manera, a Marcos Perez, pellitero y excusado del convento, le habian requisado algunos pellotes en prenda por la cantidad de dinero que, segun los cogedores, debia por el pago de la fonsadera regia, la cual dichos excusados estaban exentos de pagar.