peer review

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peer review

 
1. a basic component of a quality assurance program in which the results of health care given to a specific patient population are evaluated according to health-wellness outcome criteria established by peers of the professionals delivering the care. Peer review is focused on the patient and on the results of care given by a group of professionals rather than on individual professional practitioners. Review by peer groups is promoted by professional organizations as a means of maintaining standards of care. Retrospective review critically evaluates the results of work that has been completed; it is done for purposes of improving future practice. The source of data is medical records which document the full continuum of care provided and each patient's response to that care. Concurrent review takes place at the time the care is being given. It critically examines each patient's progress toward desired health-wellness outcomes. Sources of data for concurrent review are the patient's record and interview, observation, and inspection of the patient. A major advantage of concurrent review is that it provides the opportunity to improve care so that patients benefit from the review and recommended changes in ongoing care.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice.
3. Evaluation of a manuscript or research proposal by professional colleagues.

peer re·view

(pēr rē-vyū'),
Process of evaluating research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, and abstracts submitted for presentation at a scientific meeting, whereby these are judged for technical and scientific merit by other scientists in the same field.

peer review

The objective evaluation of the quality of a physician's or a scientist's performance by colleagues Medtalk The evaluation of a practitioner's professional performance, including identification of opportunities for improving the quality, necessity, and appropriateness–suitability of care; peer review organizations–PROs in the US contract with the CMS, formerly HCFA. See Peer-reviewed journal, Peer review organization.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.
References in periodicals archive ?
Will a more transparent peer review system lead to higher costs for members at the AICPA or state society?
Facing implementation of so many changes to public audit practices, the industry must also cope with increased transparency expectations for the peer review system. Steven Hube, chairman of The Ohio Society's Peer Review Acceptance Committee, says that as peer review transitions from an educational to a punitive tool, there are increasing calls for the results to be made public.
This user-friendly peer review system is largely web-based, interfaces with everyone's e-mail and Internet systems, asks a series of questions to remind authors to provide important preliminary information at the time of submission, and translates all manuscripts into universally readable (and anonymous!) PDF files.
AB: In the absence of a peer review system with teeth, can African governance be strengthened by comparing those nations that deliver on their people's needs with those failing to perform?
The Nepad Peer Review system is not the only process available to the continent to ensure the implementation of its decisions.
OTTAWA -- The Canadian Institutes of Health Research has a rigorous peer review system for selecting projects to fund but does not systematically track the results of the research, according to the federal auditor general.
The four chapters comprising Part 1 provide an overview: Developing a Rationale and Understanding of Peer Review (Chapter 1), Setting Up a System of Peer Review (Chapter 2), Understanding Roles and Goals of a Peer Review System (Chapter 3), and Identifying the Focus of a Peer Review of Teaching System (Chapter 4).
This revised focus and some minor tweaking has resulted in the most efficient, effective and fair peer review system the Appraisal Institute has ever had.
A major concern with such alternatives is how to provide the value currently afforded by the peer review system. This paper proposes a mechanism that could plausibly supply such value.
The peer review system is the heart of the publication process and a major pathway to publication for scholars (Beebe, 1993).
To make matters worse, because of systemic defects in the scientific publications' peer review system,(21) these transgressions of academic norms--and social expectations--are only infrequently discovered.(22)
In fact, inherent in the design of Beehive is a peer review system that allows individuals to provide feedback on the helpfulness of their fellow employees - so that such decisions are not made by management alone.